NURS-FPX4040 Protected Health Information PHI Paper

NURS-FPX4040 Protected Health Information PHI Paper

NURS-FPX4040 Protected Health Information PHI Paper

Protected Health Information (PHI): Privacy, Security, and Confidentiality Best Practices Introduction

Patients are entitled to quality and safe care from every health facility. However, there are existing barriers which hinders delivery of such quality care, thereby impacting on the patients’ health outcomes. Health professionals before commencing their practice upon graduating from medical schools, take an oath, one of the items being to ensure confidentiality of the patient’s information. A breech in this confidentiality can have devastating effects on the patients’ outcomes, thus the need to emphasize on the appropriate use of social media among the health professionals to avoid such consequences. As nurses, we need to understand the various risks inappropriate use of social media has on the patient’s health information, and understand our role regarding steps to take when we realize a breech has occurred.

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Laws Related to Protecting Sensitive Electronic Health Information

NURS-FPX4040 Protected Health Information PHI Paper

Protected health information (PHI) under the US laws refers to any information, about individual’s health status, care provision or payment details for healthcare created by a covered entity and which can be associated with a particular individual. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) contains the privacy rules which ensure patients information remain secure and confidential.

It terms this privacy rule as protected health information which ensures that all individually identifiable information held or transmitted in any form either oral, paper or electronic, are protected any factor which my breech the confidentiality of the information (Liu et al, 2017). Sharing of the patient’s information on social media platforms regardless of the objective, raises confidentiality concerns since many social media users will learn about a particular patient’s condition, something which will negatively impact on the recovery and health outcomes of the affected patient.

Importance of Interdisciplinary Collaboration to Safeguard Sensitive Electronic Health Information

Healthcare professionals have the obligation of ensuring that all the health information stored and transmitted or share electronically are protected from any breech. Achieving this require the efforts of various personnel within the healthcare system. It is through their collaboration together with other stakeholders that will enhance the success of their ability to safeguard their patients’ information. The collaboration between the nurses, physicians, and technology specialists is essential in enabling the success of this (Ruland et al, 2018). All the professionals should act by ensuring that they adhere to the privacy policies, and report any individual who breaks the policy to the relevant body for appropriate disciplinary action.

The technology specialist can also advise the various professionals on how they can use their various social media platforms without breeching the confidentiality of the patient information. There has been significant increase in number of cases of nurses over the past two years being reported for inappropriate use of social media. These include the reported 35 cases compared to the 22 and 13 cases reported on the previous years.

Interdisciplinary team members who have been found to violate the policies have faced various forms of sanctions. Many have had their licenses suspended or revoked, some have been incarcerated, some terminated and even forced to pay fines for the damages they caused (Charatan, 2017). The healthcare organizations whose members break the policies have been forced to pay huge sums as compensation, something which impairs the operations in the facilities.

Evidence-Based Approaches to Mitigate Risks to Patients and Health Care Staff Related to Sensitive Electronic Health Information

Many strategies are in place to prevent and reduce breeches in patient information. First, regular risk assessment should be done in accordance with the HIPAA privacy and security rules to determine any vulnerability or threats within the system. Secondly, continuous education of the employees on the guidelines, rules and policies can also significantly reduce cases of breech of such confidentiality, as they will ensure they adhere to the stated policies (Ventola, 2019).

In addition, employees should be encouraged to be on the look and monitor any information that appears unattended to, and be their colleagues’ advisors in case one of them is in the process of breaking such policies. Adequate training on how to always ensure they appropriately use their electronic devices will also significantly reduce such cases.

Conclusion

In summary, ensuring confidentiality of patient information is paramount in enhancing the quality of care delivered to the patients. Nurses and other healthcare professionals should ensure they adhere to privacy rules while using their social media platforms to avoid posts that may contribute to breech of patient confidentiality. Incorporation of the various strategies will enable the various healthcare professionals understand the seriousness of the concern, therefore handle it with the attention it deserves.

References for NURS-FPX4040 Protected Health Information PHI Paper

Charatan, F. B. (2017). United States cracks down on healthcare fraud.

Liu, V., Musen, M. A., & Chou, T. (2017). Data breaches of protected health information in the United States. Jama, 313(14), 1471-1473.

Ruland, C. M., Brynhi, H., Andersen, R., & Bryhni, T. (2018). Developing a shared electronic health record for patients and clinicians. Studies in health technology and informatics, 136, 57. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18487708/

Ventola, C. L. (2019). Social media and health care professionals: benefits, risks, and best practices. Pharmacy and therapeutics, 39(7), 491.

Assessment 2 Instructions: Protected Health Information (PHI): Privacy, Security, and Confidentiality Best Practices

Prepare a 2-page interprofessional staff update on HIPAA and appropriate social media use in health care.

Introduction
As you begin to consider the assessment, it would be an excellent choice to complete the Breach of Protected Health Information (PHI) activity. The activity will support your success with the assessment by creating the opportunity for you to test your knowledge of potential privacy, security, and confidentiality violations of protected health information. The activity is not graded and counts towards course engagement.

Health professionals today are increasingly accountable for the use of protected health information (PHI). Various government and regulatory agencies promote and support privacy and security through a variety of activities. Examples include:

Meaningful use of electronic health records (EHR).
Provision of EHR incentive programs through Medicare and Medicaid.
Enforcement of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) rules.
Release of educational resources and tools to help providers and hospitals address privacy, security, and confidentiality risks in their practices.
Technological advances, such as the use of social media platforms and applications for patient progress tracking and communication, have provided more access to health information and improved communication between care providers and patients.

At the same time, advances such as these have resulted in more risk for protecting PHI. Nurses typically receive annual training on protecting patient information in their everyday practice. This training usually emphasizes privacy, security, and confidentiality best practices such as:

Keeping passwords secure.
Logging out of public computers.
Sharing patient information only with those directly providing care or who have been granted permission to receive this information.
Today, one of the major risks associated with privacy and confidentiality of patient identity and data relates to social media. Many nurses and other health care providers place themselves at risk when they use social media or other electronic communication systems inappropriately. For example, a Texas nurse was recently terminated for posting patient vaccination information on Facebook. In another case, a New York nurse was terminated for posting an insensitive emergency department photo on her Instagram account.

Health care providers today must develop their skills in mitigating risks to their patients and themselves related to patient information. At the same time, they need to be able distinguish between effective and ineffective uses of social media in health care.

This assessment will require you to develop a staff update for the interprofessional team to encourage team members to protect the privacy, confidentiality, and security of patient information.

Preparation
To successfully prepare to complete this assessment, complete the following:

Review the infographics on protecting PHI provided in the resources for this assessment, or find other infographics to review. These infographics serve as examples of how to succinctly summarize evidence-based information.

Analyze these infographics and distill them into five or six principles of what makes them effective. As you design your interprofessional staff update,
apply these principles. Note: In a staff update, you will not have all the images and graphics that an infographic might contain. Instead, focus your analysis on what makes the messaging effective.

Select from any of the following options, or a combination of options, the focus of your interprofessional staff update:

Social media best practices.
What not to do: social media.
Social media risks to patient information.
Steps to take if a breach occurs.

Conduct independent research on the topic you have selected in addition to reviewing the suggested resources for this assessment. This information will serve as the source(s) of the information contained in your interprofessional staff update. Consult the BSN Program Library Research Guide for help in identifying scholarly and/or authoritative sources.
Instructions

In this assessment, assume you are a nurse in an acute care, community, school, nursing home, or other health care setting. Before your shift begins, you scroll through Facebook and notice that a coworker has posted a photo of herself and a patient on Facebook. The post states, \”I am so happy Jane is feeling better. She is just the best patient I’ve ever had, and I am excited that she is on the road to recovery.\”

You have recently completed your annual continuing education requirements at work and realize this is a breach of your organization\’s social media policy. Your organization requires employees to immediately report such breaches to the privacy officer to ensure the post is removed immediately and that the nurse responsible receives appropriate corrective action.

You follow appropriate organizational protocols and report the breach to the privacy officer. The privacy officer takes swift action to remove the post. Due to the severity of the breach, the organization terminates the nurse.

Based on this incident\’s severity, your organization has established a task force with two main goals:

Educate staff on HIPAA and appropriate social media use in health care.
Prevent confidentiality, security, and privacy breaches.

The task force has been charged with creating a series of interprofessional staff updates on the following topics:

Social media best practices.
What not to do: Social media.
Social media risks to patient information.
Steps to take if a breach occurs.

You are asked to select one or more of the topics and create the content for a staff update containing a maximum of two content pages.

This assessment is not a traditional essay. It is a staff educational update about PHI. Consider creating a flyer,pamphlet, or one PowerPoint slide (not an entire presentation).

Remember it should not be more than two pages (excluding a title and a reference page).

The task force has asked team members assigned to the topics to include the following content in their updates in addition to content on their selected topics:

What is protected health information (PHI)?
Be sure to include essential HIPAA information.
What are privacy, security, and confidentiality?
Define and provide examples of privacy, security, and confidentiality concerns related to the use of technology in health care.

Explain the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration to safeguard sensitive electronic health information.

What evidence relating to social media usage and PHI do interprofessional team members need to be aware of? For example:

How many nurses have been terminated for inappropriate social media use in the United States?

What types of sanctions have health care organizations imposed on interdisciplinary team members who have violated social media policies?

What have been the financial penalties assessed against health care organizations for inappropriate social media use?

What evidence-based strategies have health care organizations employed to prevent or reduce confidentiality, privacy, and security breaches, particularly related to social media usage?
Notes

Your staff update is limited to two double-spaced content pages.

Be selective about the content you choose to include in your update so you can meet the page length requirement. Include need-to-know information. Omit nice-to-know information.
Many times people do not read staff updates, do not read them carefully, or do not read them to the end. Ensure your staff update piques staff members\’ interest, highlights key points, and is easy to read. Avoid overcrowding the update with too much content.

Also, supply a separate reference page that includes two or three peer-reviewed and one or two non-peer-reviewed resources (for a total of 3–5 resources) to support the staff update content.

Additional Requirements
Written communication: Ensure the staff update is free from errors that detract from the overall message.

Submission length: Maximum of two double-spaced content pages.
Font and font size: Use Times New Roman, 12-point.
Citations and references: Provide a separate reference page that includes 2–3 current, peer-reviewed and 1–2 current, non-peer-reviewed in-text citations and references (total of 3–5 resources) that support the staff update\’s content. Current means no older than 5 years.
APA format: Be sure your citations and references adhere to APA format. Consult the Evidence and APA page for an APA refresher.
Competencies Measured
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and scoring guide criteria:

Competency 1: Describe nurses\’ and the interdisciplinary team\’s role in informatics with a focus on electronic health information and patient care technology to support decision making.
Describe the security, privacy, and confidentially laws related to protecting sensitive electronic health information that govern the interdisciplinary team.
Explain the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration to safeguard sensitive electronic health information.

Competency 2: Implement evidence-based strategies to effectively manage protected health information.
Identify evidence-based approaches to mitigate risks to patients and health care staff related to sensitive electronic health information.
Develop a professional, effective staff update that educates interprofessional team members about protecting the security, privacy, and confidentiality of patient data, particularly as it pertains to social media usage.

Competency 5: Apply professional, scholarly communication to facilitate use of health information and patient care technologies.
Follow APA style and formatting guidelines for citations and references.
Create a clear, concise, well-organized, and professional staff update that is generally free from errors in grammar, punctuation, and spelling. NURS-FPX4040 Protected Health Information PHI Paper

This assessment is not a traditional essay. It is a staff educational update about PHI. See Assessment 3 Here.

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