Sports and Head Trauma Essay

Sports and Head Trauma Essay

Sports and Head Trauma Essay

For parents whose children engage in traumatic sports, I would advise them to ensure that their children minimize the chances of accidents that may result in trauma to the head, such as using appropriate sport gear. Sport is a form of exercise that helps children gain the discipline that can be useful later in life (Smith, et al., 2019). For this reason, it will not be advisable to stop the children from engaging in sports. In some cases, the children may have the talent in sports, and it might be their only form of livelihood as they grow and discouraging them from sports might curtail the child’s prospects.

Sports and Head Trauma Essay

However, parents should ensure that they provide a safe play environment to ensure reduced chances of traumatic accidents. The parents should also consider having protective equipment such as headgear for their children to ensure that they are fully protected when participating in sports activities. A parent should also closely supervise their children when engaging in sport or have someone who cares about their health. The traumatic sports accidents are largely accidental and not intentional, (McMahon, Knight & McGannon, 2018) hence can be mitigated with the right sporting conditions. Further, should an accident occur, a good response to an emergency can help ensure that the condition of the child does not worsen to the extent that it may lead to adverse mental effects.

Finally, a basic approach to trauma may help ensure that the child can get over the various medical problems that they may face from time to time (Göpfert, et al., 2018). The best approach is to always ensure that the child is in good hands, receiving appropriate care all the time. Parents should be aware of the types of injuries that their children are likely to face and have a rough idea of how they are likely to handle each of them.

References for Sports and Head Trauma Essay

Göpfert, A., Van Hove, M., Emond, A., & Mytton, J. (2018). Prevention of sports injuries in children at school: a systematic review of policies. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 4(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000346

McMahon, J., Knight, C. J., & McGannon, K. R. (2018). Educating parents of children in sport about abuse using narrative pedagogy. Sociology of Sport Journal, 35(4), 314-323.

Smith, E. B., Lee, J. K., Vavilala, M. S., & Lee, S. A. (2019). Pediatric traumatic brain injury and associated topics: an overview of abusive head trauma, nonaccidental trauma, and sports concussions. Anesthesiology Clinics, 37(1), 119-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anclin.2018.10.002

Traumatic Brain Injury Example

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is defined as an injury that affects the general functioning of the brain. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2022), traumatic brain injuries are some of the leading causes of death, morbidity, and disability in the United States. An estimated 176 people died each day from complications related to TBI in the year 2020, with more than 200,000 hospitalizations in the year 2019 being attributed to complications related to traumatic brain injuries (CDC, 2022).

Motor vehicle accidents, falls, sports-related injuries, and abuse are some of the major causes of traumatic brain injury. The incidence of TBI has been found to be more prevalent in males than females. Extremes of age are also related to increased incidence of the condition, with most patients being people over 65 (CDC, 2022). This essay highlights improvement strategies to improve outcomes related to traumatic brain injury.

The Outcome of the Health Improvement Initiative

Traumatic Brain Injury is attributed to great lapses in memory and the overall cognitive processes. This impact was extensively observed, especially among the elderly. Improvement strategies that were observed to improve results in TBI significantly include exercise, meditation, and therapy. Research by Safe Headspace involving almost 400 individuals aged between 40 to 80 years showed significant improvements in overall functioning following traumatic brain injury (Capella University, n.d.). Short to medium-term memory improved by 61% in 75 out of the 400 individuals who consistently engaged in aerobic exercises for a consistent period of four months (Capella University, n.d.).

A 15% improvement in muscle control and a 25% overall mood were also noted over the same period (Capella University, n.d.). Of the 21 individuals engaging in meditation, improvement in both mood and memory was reported at 70%, with a 32% increase in muscle control (Capella University, n.d.). Therapy in association with medication use improved mood and memory by 26% and 9%, respectively, in individuals undertaking the study (Capella University. N.d.).

Little to no significant outcomes were achieved with other interventions to enhance memory, such as puzzle-solving and strength training, and they were, thus, categorized as unsuccessful. This conclusion, however, did not provide a very clear picture since the study lacked a control group, and it was therefore not possible to clearly define the outcome of the interventions among patients suffering from either PTSD or TBI. The research indicated that exercise, meditation, and therapy are vital in improving results secondary to traumatic brain injury.

Strategies for Improving Outcomes

One of the critical strategies that can be employed in improving population health outcomes is the segmentation of patient populations. Categorizing patients based on their age, gender, and other characteristics is essential in identifying risk factors that predispose patients to traumatic brain injury (Galgano et al., 2017). Modifying health improvement initiatives based on these categories is also critical in improving health outcomes.

Exercise, therapy, and meditation can be modified based on the patients’ ages, gender, and other factors to ensure optimization and achievement of the best possible results in terms of improving the state of patients following traumatic brain injury. Burnout of nurses may be associated with the categorization of patients. Many patients may be allocated to a small number of nurses specialized in a particular area, forcing the nursing staff to work longer durations, consequently leading to burnout.

Identifying risk factors is another important factor in improving health outcomes. In the case of traumatic brain injury, factors such as extremes of age and other underlying conditions such as epilepsy may increase the likelihood of developing traumatic brain injury (Galgano et al., 2017). In instances such as extremes of age, modification of residences and the immediate environment is vital in enhancing safety and consequently minimizing the occurrence of TBI.

Encouraging the use of protective gear after identifying sports as another risk factor is critical in minimizing the risk of developing the condition. Identifying risk factors early allows modification aimed at minimizing or eliminating the occurrence of the condition, in this case, traumatic brain injury. Early identification of risk factors may mean that most nursing practitioners will spend the majority of the time screening and addressing risk factors, minimizing time spent on patients’ actual care and significantly impacting their overall well-being.

The utilization of primary medical care models is another critical strategy for the improvement of health outcomes. Primary medical care focuses on patient-centered care that is comprehensive, well-coordinated, and team-oriented, with the overall aim of improving both the quality and safety of care (Herrmann, 2021). This delivery method is essential in ensuring the patient’s overall wellness while also preventing complications related to the condition. In this scenario, using this model, the healthcare professional will focus on optimizing the strategies to improve patient outcomes to ensure the overall improvement of the patient’s status following traumatic brain injury. The primary care model is faced with the challenge of a lack of choices since each healthcare practitioner has a particular way of working with patients to promote their health, tending to be more compatible with some patients than others.

Individualized Personal Care Approach.

Individualized patient care is crucial as it considers the patient’s preferences and other factors during health care administration. Understanding and addressing the patient’s primary concern is essential in offering individualized care. In the case of TBI, patients may be worried about memory loss. Engaging the patient in exercises, meditation, and other activities that improve the patient’s memory is vital. Where muscle movement is the main issue, modified aerobic exercises aimed at improving the patient’s overall state can be initiated.

Patient education regarding the condition and the choice of treatment is vital in enabling the patient to understand their condition better. The individualized personal care approach aims to ensure improved quality of care administered and consequently improve patient satisfaction while enhancing awareness and understanding of the condition. Mr. Nowak’s care will incorporate both exercise and meditation, as they have been shown to have improved results when it comes to improving memory, muscle movement, and mood following TBI. The assumption is that Mr. Nowak will be well following strict adherence to the guidelines provided by the health care professional.

Value and Relevance of Evidence.

Evidence and research are critical in the administration of care. It ensures the provision of the best available and most effective care to improve patient outcomes and satisfaction. Evidence-based practice incorporates the best available evidence, clinical expertise, critical decision-making, patient values, and circumstances, among other factors, to improve the care administered. Integrating evidence in personal care translates to improved quality of life. In addition, there is an improvement in the quality and duration of life conferred by the interventions indicated.

The patient expects the most effective care based on the newest, most relevant, and acceptable scientific evidence. Therefore, inculcating evidence in care administration improves patients’ confidence in healthcare professionals. To the healthcare professional, the evidence provides an avenue to assess the risks and advantages of various procedures (McKinney et al., 2019). This facilitates careful and guided collaboration between care providers and patients to ensure the most effective care is administered. Research indicated that meditation and exercise play a significant part in helping patients after TBI. This information has guided the individualized care plan formulated for Mr. Nowak.

Evaluation of Desired Outcomes.

Formulation of evaluation questions is the first step in evaluating desired outcomes. The questions should be designed in line with a proper understanding of the idea triggering the intervention, challenges faced during implementation, and knowledge of the available data in assessing outcomes. Patient engagement in formulating the questions is important and recommended as it enables a platform that better understands the outcomes that matter most to them. Evaluation questions are helpful, but they may be subjective, time-consuming, costly, and pose a challenge during analysis and interpretation.

Randomized-control designs are also vital components that can be used to assess desired outcomes. These designs entail randomly selecting patients to receive controlled management or interventions. Observational studies are alternative solutions that may be employed to determine outcomes. These studies facilitate comparison between variations in population and exposure to interventions. These methods are critical in assessing desired outcomes and whether they have been achieved or not. Randomized control designs are helpful. However, they may require multiple sites to render them valid, making them difficult to manage. Loss of relevance emanating from extended trial run times may also be experienced.

Conclusion.

Traumatic brain injury is defined as an injury to the brain that generally affects general functioning. It is a major cause of both mortality and disability. Exercise, meditation, and therapy have been indicated as interventions that significantly improve patients’ overall state following TBI. Basing personal care on evidence is essential as it ensures the administration of the most effective care in ensuring effective outcomes, improved patient outcomes, and satisfaction.

References

Capella University. (n.d.). Evidence-based health evaluation and application [Transcript]. Retrieved from http://media.capella.edu/CourseMedia/MSN6011/evidenceBasedHealthEvaluation/media.asp

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022, March 21). Get the facts about TBI. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 23, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/get_the_facts.html#:~:text=TBI%20is%20a%20major%20cause%20of%20death%20and%20disability&text=There%20were%20over%2064%2C000%20TBI,the%20United%20States%20in%202020.&text=That’s%20about%20176%20TBI%2Drelated%20deaths%20every%20day.

Galgano, M., Toshkezi, G., Qiu, X., Russell, T., Chin, L., & Zhao, L. R. (2017). Traumatic Brain Injury: Current Treatment Strategies and Future Endeavors. Cell Transplantation, 26(7), 1118–1130. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963689717714102

Herrmann W. J. (2021). Herausforderungen medizinischer Versorgung im urbanen Raum : Ein Rahmenkonzept zur Primärversorgung in der Stadt [Challenges of medical care in urban areas – a conceptual framework for primary care in the city]. MMW Fortschritte der Medizin163(Suppl 6), 3–8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s15006-021-0503-6

McKinney, I., DelloStritto, R. A., & Branham, S. (2019). Nurses’ Use of Evidence-Based Practice at Point of Care: A Literature Review. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly42(3), 256–264. https://doi.org/10.1097/CNQ.0000000000000266

Weinstein, A. A., Chin, L., Collins, J., Goel, D., Keyser, R. E., & Chan, L. (2017). Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training on Mood in People With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Study. The Journal Of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 32(3), E49–E56. https://doi.org/10.1097/HTR.0000000000000253