Euthanasia Sample Essay
Team member 1 neither supports nor protests euthanasia but emphasises on patient autonomy – that whenever possible, the patient should be able to choose how they would like to die. He fails to understand why other should choose of individuals how they die, effectively arguing that the patient should choose whether they want to live or not; especially if they are of sound mind. As such, according to Team member 1, an individual has the right to make any good or bad decision so long as they are the ones having the final say on how they would like to die. He further argues that whereas one’s death negatively affect their families; it should be the individual’s responsibility and right to choose how they would like to die.
Team member 1 further argues that in some cases, individuals require a dignified liberty to choose their own way of death when faced with terminal illness. This corroborates with the arguments put forward by Azheri (2018 Euthanasia Sample Essay), who noted that different people have different preferences on their final days and how they would like to die, this it should be left to them to decide – at least when they can still make the decision.
Team member concludes by arguing that whereas sometimes nurses and other healthcare professionals get overwhelmed by the workload presented by terminally ill patients, assisted death should not be an option for eliminating that workload. Instead, as per the team member, the patients should be given full authority so choose whether they need euthanasia or not. That said, a significant point that Team member 1 ignores is how healthcare professionals should handle situations when the patient is unable to make such decisions. It would be interesting to see whether the other team members address this issue.
Team member 2 argues from a Christian perspective. He stipulates that based on the Christian culture; any form of suicide is prohibited. This implies that whether it is active or passive euthanasia or physician assisted death; none of them is tolerable – at least as Christians because it is a mortal sin which leads to hell. However, the team member also explores the idea that as a nurse, it might be tempting to choose euthanasia as a way of giving the suffering patient a dignified rest. To this end, the team member appears to be in dilemma and even accepts that making a choice on assisted death is a complex affair because people have diverse opinions that are informed by diverse cultural, social and geographical backgrounds that influence their decision.
However, concurring with Thomas and Mathew (2020), the team member later argues that considering the many options available for are such as hospice and palliative care, assisted dying is not good and should not be an option. As per the team member, Christians strongly believe that God has the ultimate authority and responsibility of determining life’s course, and that his will should prevail over everything. As such, according to the team member, nurses are obligated to do anything within their means to preserve life. Similarly, Team member 2 agrees with team member 1 that the patient should be allowed to make decisions regarding their medical treatment, including whether they should receive assisted death or not. Through various examples, Team member 1 demonstrate how patients, with assistance from nurses and other health professionals, can explore other options of treatments such as hospice and palliative care instead of assisted dying. In short, Team member 2 argue that Christian values should prevail when making such decisions, and that the decisions should also be made considering the patients’ social, cultural and contextual circumstances.
Team member 3 shares the same opinion with Team member 3, arguing against euthanasia from a Christian perspective. The team member begins by stating that being a Roman catholic and having attended Catholic school from a younger age, euthanasia is tantamount to killing someone and is therefore sin against the ten commandments. However, apart from his Christian background, the team member uses other pieces of literature to argue against euthanasia. For instance, he mentions that while taking their Hippocratic oath, nurses swear not to harm patients with any form of dangerous drug, even if they asked for it. As such, the first rule of nursing is not to cause any harm and to serve with compassion. The team member argues that instead of euthanasia, there are better options such as palliative and hospice care. he goes further to share his experience of palliative care with his dad, where he could receive various forms of treatment such as morphine whenever he experienced chest pain. He notes that whereas it was heart-breaking to see his father suffer, palliative care was the best option for them because it demonstrated the patient’s ability to participate in their treatment decisions and determine the course of their health despite being terminally ill. In short, team member 3 argues that euthanasia is bad from both a Christian standpoint and a medical standpoint.
References for Euthanasia Sample Essay
Azheri, B. (2018). The Principle of Non Maleficence. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory
Thomas, V. M., & Mathew, A. (2020). Truth-telling: Apply the principle of beneficence. Cancer
Research, Statistics, and Treatment, 3(2), 359. DOI: 10.4103/CRST.CRST_69_20