The Universal Healthcare Debate and Recent Presidential Stances Essay
Healthcare reforms that lead to increased access to healthcare services for all Americans are at the core of recent American politics. For this reason, the topic has been making way to the presidential debates recently. While some people view universal healthcare policies as a right to Americans, those who oppose it tends to cite conflicts in the society’s moral obligation to take care of others. Concerns about government spending taxes on people that make bad decisions and whether healthcare is a fundamental human right are at the center of the debates.
President Bush agenda on Universal Healthcare
President George W. Bush enacted policies that enabled Americans to receive the healthcare services they could afford. He instituted a free market-based Medicare prescription Drug Benefit Law (Badger & Hederman, 2018)), a move that depicted him as the president who wanted higher transparency in the healthcare system. Based on the Drug Benefits Law, competition among the plans could lead to a decline in the premiums for drug coverage. President Bush also established tax-free savings accounts to enable Americans to take charge of their healthcare decisions. Another strategy proposed by President Bush aimed at enhancing access to health services by the poor by creating community health centers in high-poverty areas and increasing funding for veteran care.
The Agenda of President Obama on the Universal Healthcare System
President Obama addressed affordable healthcare by proposing quality and affordable healthcare. He understood health as a right rather than a privilege. The propositions for improved healthcare access were provided for under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) that became law in 2010 (Schultz, 2019). The plan was intended to lower healthcare costs and reduce the percentage of uninsured people using taxes of highly earning persons and some healthcare providers and compelling younger and healthier people to pay health insurance premiums. With the increased insurance coverage, citizens from all backgrounds could obtain preventive care while avoiding high emergency care costs, and the elderly could receive better care for chronic illnesses.
How President Trump Addressed Universal Healthcare
President Trump’s administration, on the other hand, formulated the TrumpCare policy, also referred to as the American Healthcare Act (AHCA), in an attempt to replace Obamacare and allow the healthcare system to operate under free-market principles. It proposes zero government involvement in the healthcare plans, helping low-income earners and those with a higher disposable income to purchase the plans they can afford and making the healthcare companies financially strong to withstand catastrophic events in the future (Adler, Fiedler & Gronniger, 2017). The fundamental strategy to achieving this was lowering prescription drugs’ prices, expanding access to affordable coverage, enhancing hospital prices’ transparency, and enhancing access to trusted doctors in America. TrumpCare encompassed ending surprise billing, covering all the preexisting conditions, Medicare and social security protection, protecting veterans, and ensuring healthcare services. Trumpcare plan gives consumers the freedom to buy across state lines, thereby breaking the insurance monopolies and offering tax reliefs for health insurance, and keeping the plans affordable and portable.
As established, Obamacare is associated with moral hazard and adverse selection issues and discourages investment in healthcare service quality. On the other hand, the assumptions of TrumpCare are flawed because markets can fail, potentially limiting a segment of the population from accessing the critical healthcare services needed. Therefore, I would follow the approach of George Bush of giving people freedom to control their healthcare access but create policies that ensure the poorer segments can access expensive medical care when it is necessary..
References for The Universal Healthcare Debate and Recent Presidential Stances Essay
Adler, L., Fiedler, M., & Gronniger, T. (2017). Effects of the medicaid per capita cap included in the house-passed American Health Care Act. Washington, DC: Center for Health Policy at Brookings & USC Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics
Badger, D., & Hederman, R. S. (2018). Federal Efforts to Stabilize ACA Individual Markets through State Innovation. Available at SSRN 3169609. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3169609
Schultz, D. (2019). The Implementation and Evaluation of the United States Affordable Care Act. Medicine, Law & Society, 12(1), 17-38.