NUR 513 Topic 4 Application of Nursing Theories Paper

Application of Nursing Theories

Introduction

Nursing theory is defined as an organized foundation of principles and goals intended to guide nursing clinical practice. Nursing theories are evidence-based frameworks that are structured and determine the scope of nursing practice. Nursing theories are used by healthcare professionals to inherently describe the function of a nurse, the aim of the nursing career, and the suggested objectives of the nursing field (Brandão et al., 2019). The client receiving nursing care, the surroundings and situations that impact nurses, patients, and healthcare systems, the patient’s state, and health care professionals, and ultimately the activities nurses perform to give care constitute the cornerstone of nursing theory. The nursing theories provide fundamental knowledge of patient care principles, enabling nurses to articulate their roles and responsibilities for clients.  This is notably critical as it allows nurses to discuss the evidence that backs up the strategies that underpin the nursing practice.

NUR 513 Topic 4 Application of Nursing Theories Paper

Purpose of Applying Nursing Theory To Patient Care

The aim of the application of nursing theories to patient management is that nurse professionals cultivate nursing theories to reassure nursing practice, advance therapeutic approaches, and better patient clinical care for an improved quality of life. Nursing theories are used in the nursing process. Nursing theories can also help nurses comprehend the reason for using nursing interventions, the repercussions of those procedures, and how to better nursing skills for the continuation of patient care (Brandão et al., 2019).

The application of nursing theories can help registered nurses review and assess their care programs more effectively, as well as forecast outcomes in vital situations. According to Younas & Quennell, (2019), nursing theory understanding can also assist registered nurses in using their experience to build and inform new theories that will be used in evidence-based practice in the future. Cultural competency, for example, entails being attentive, polite and educated about each patient’s ethnic background and requirements. Patients’ speech, attitudes, faith, and convictions are influenced by culture, which may impact their health records, and care choices (Younas & Quennell, 2019).  Nursing theories support nurses in improving their understanding of how to integrate cultural competence into their work and improve patient outcomes.

Importance of Nursing Theory to Current Practice

What nurses do and why they do it are guided by nursing theories. Several nursing models provide a framework for determining the parameters of improving patient outcomes. Without theories, the nursing framework would lose the sequential perspective that naturally connects back to patients and their health-related needs (Smith & Gullett, 2021). Nurses apply the theories to help establish care delivery strategies for a health care facility that aligns with several desired goals. While grand nursing theories assist create a foundational framework, middle-range and practice-level theories enable representative democracy accountability of nurses and specific healthcare circumstances. These ideas are essential to understanding the nursing concept. They give a foundational understanding of care ideas, allowing nurses to be competent. This is particularly essential since it enables nurses to highlight the evidence that backs up the techniques that they utilize.

Roy Adaptation Model Nursing Application

The usage of nursing models allows nurses to concentrate on the function of nursing and its applications. Furthermore, it promotes systematic, deliberate, regulated, and successful patient care. Roy Adaptation Model (RAM) is a regularly utilized model in nursing practice. The objective of the nurse, as per the RAM is to promote compliance and increase life quality and expectancy (Smith & Gullett, 2021). The RAM assesses the patient in four modes: physiology, self-concept, role function, and interdependence, to provide holistic treatment.

In the Roy adaptation model, nurses support satisfying the concerns of patients before planning. The physiological model is associated with the person’s physical responses to external variables in the paradigm (Browning Callis, 2020). It includes all of the physiochemical processes that take place in a patient’s day-to-day activities.  The physiological mode needs are based on physiologic integrity and comprised of nine critical physiologic requirements that the nurse must verify the patient possesses: The following functions are critical: 1) oxygenation, 2) nourishment, 3) excretion, 4) exercise and rest, 5) protection, 6) perceptions, 7) fluid-electrolyte balance, 8) neurological function, and 9) endocrine function. In the RAM self-concept mode, a person presents a mix of ideas and feelings about himself or herself or others. A person’s identity is formed by their thoughts, ethics, and spirituality (Browning Callis, 2020). To sustain social integrity, the role function mode handles the patient’s role in society, which includes major roles, sex roles, secondary roles, and tertiary roles.

The theory may be implemented before planning and giving treatment in current practice through nurses developing interventions tailored to the patient, which will result in beneficial results in the adaptation of patients who are attempting to cope with a certain situation and the disease process. This demonstrates that the patients will adjust to their new lifestyle and their quality of life will improve. The use of RAM theory ideas in planning patient care eases the situation and allows nurses to focus on their vocation of nursing and establish holistic care in a biopsychosocial approach to the patients they are caring for (Browning Callis, 2020). As a result, planning in nursing care should be promoted, and its execution in practice should be improved.

Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory Personal View in Providing Care to Patient

Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory is a suitable conceptual model for nursing practice in basic healthcare environments. Translating Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory concepts into reality allows registered nurses to care for a patient as an integrated component of a larger family and society (Yip, 2021).  Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory can help a nurse view their patient as an agent capable of developing, growing, and implementing a self-care regimen. One practical benefit of adopting the model theory is that it allows nurses to evaluate their clinical practice using nurse-sensitive measures (Yip, 2021). Thus, Orem’s theory provides a useful framework for reflecting on patient care while also improving nurses’ knowledge of the continual fluidity and adaptation of nursing practice and basic healthcare.

References for NUR 513 Topic 4 Application of Nursing Theories Paper

  • Brandão, M. A. G., Barros, A. L. B. L. de, Caniçali Primo, C., Bispo, G. S., & Lopes, R. O. P. (2019). Nursing theories in the conceptual expansion of good practices in nursing. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem72(2), 577–581. https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0395
  • Browning Callis, A. M. (2020). Application of the Roy Adaptation Theory to a care program for nurses. Applied Nursing Research: ANR56(151340), 151340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2020.151340
  • Smith, M. C., & Gullett, D. L. (2021). Nursing theories and nursing practice. F.A. Davis Company. https://books.google.at/books?id=GjHEDwAAQBAJ
  • Yip, J. Y. C. (2021). Theory-based advanced nursing practice: a practice update on the application of Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory. SAGE Open Nursing7, 23779608211011990. https://doi.org/10.1177/23779608211011993
  • Younas, A., & Quennell, S. (2019). Usefulness of nursing theory-guided practice: an integrative review. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences33(3), 540–555. https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12670