Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Medication Errors: Annotated Bibliography

What was learned from developing Annotated Bibliography

One of the things I learned when developing the annotated bibliography is how to choose relevant sources. To begin with, I learned that the article journals chosen must be relevant to the topic of study. For example, there are journals that give specific information about a topic of study while some give wide/general information. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

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I noticed that it is critical to use journal articles that give specific information and data about a topic. Secondly, I learned that one needs to do a background search of the authors of the articles chosen. This is critical in ascertaining that the authors are indeed experts in the field of study. Thirdly, I learned that one must be very careful when choosing where to get the sources to be used. For example, not every material qualify to be used just because they talk about the topic of study. It is critical to choose renowned sites such as PubMed, Science Direct, and Scopus. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Summary of a healthcare Problem

The problem I have identified is medication errors and how they can be reduced by nursing information technology. The problem of medication errors is one that is a big burden to healthcare facilities and the healthcare industry. Some of the common medication errors include; prescription errors, errors, unauthorized drugs, wrong dosage prescription, wrong dosage prescription, administration errors and related errors. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Applying Library Research Skills

Nurses and other healthcare workers need to have information literacy skills as well as research skills to use in obtaining scholarly information. Patient safety is one of the critical areas that nurses and other healthcare workers need to put emphasis on. Patient safety is critical in the provision of quality health care. In order to provide an environment of safety for patients, the issue of medical errors must be adequately addressed. One way of addressing medical errors is through research.

Nurses, physicians and other healthcare workers must consistently involve in research on how to improve patient safety by reducing medical errors. Library research skills is a critical tool that nurses and other care givers use to obtain information related to reducing medical errors to increase patient safety. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Identifying Academic Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

When obtaining information related to medical errors, it is critical that nurses, physicians, and other healthcare givers use credible sources of information. The best sources of information related to patient safety can be found in reputable journals that are peer-reviewed to authenticate their validity. Some of the accredited peer-reviewed journals that nurses can use to obtain information about patient safety include; PubMed, SciencePro, and ProQuest Central. There are also many other research work by individual researchers that are accredited and peer-reviewed. When searching for information, it is critical to limit the search to the topic of study rather than doing a wide search.

Assessing Credibility and Relevance of Information Sources

In ensuring the credibility of the journal articles chosen, it is critical to choose recent journals not more than five years old since their date of publication. The importance in choosing recent journals is to ensure that the information contained in the journals is not outdated but still applies to today’s medical trends in regards to patient safety. Besides, it is critical to choose journal articles done by experts in the field with extensive experience in their profession. The articles chosen must have the expert opinion of the researcher/s, must contain information relevant to the topic of study. Another point to consider when choosing a journal article is to assess the validity of the information by comparing it to similar works. Comparing a journal article to others is critical in assessing any variances in opinions and results/findings. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Annotated Bibliography

Alotaibi, Y. K., & Federico, F. (2017). The impact of health information technology on patient safety. Saudi medical journal, 38(12), 1173.

This journal article talks about the increasing patient safety through “the avoidance, prevention, and amelioration of adverse outcomes or injuries stemming from the processes of health care” (Alotaibi, &Federico, 2017 Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors). The authors of the journal base their argument on IOMs-the Institute of Medicine call in 1999 for healthcare centers and professionals to employ the use of technology in curbing the problem of medical errors. Alotaibi and Federico argue that using technology in medicine is the best step to transform healthcare in pursuit of safer care for patients.

In this journal article, Alotaibi and Federico examine how technology can improve patient safety. To prove this, the researchers conducted a study on several medical technologies to assess their role in improving patient safety. Some of the technologies studied by the two researchers include; clinical decision support-CDS, bar code medication administration –BCMA, and patient data management systems-PDMS. In this study, authors gave priority to meta-data analysis, randomized clinical trials, and systematic reviews. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Gandhi, T. K., Kaplan, G. S., Leape, L., Berwick, D. M., Edgman-Levitan, S., Edmondson, A., … & Wachter, R. (2018). Transforming concepts in patient safety: a progress report. BMJ Quality & Safety, 27(12), 1019-1026.

In this journal article, Gandhi and fellow researchers identify five critical areas of patient safety that require system-level attention. The authors assert that true transformation of patient safety requires healthcare centers and healthcare professionals to address key areas such as transparency, care integration, medical education reform, and restoring joy and meaning in work. Gandhi and fellow researchers assert that the above factors have the capacity to immensely promote and improve patient safety in healthcare facilities. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

In this article, the authors argue that improving patient safety has moved from being a cultural issue to a technical issue where a simple devising of new systems can address patient safety. Among the key areas that Gandhi and fellow researchers feel needs more work to improve patient safety is medical education reforms. However, the researchers also feel that there are certain areas that remain a challenge to improving patient safety. Among the areas that remain a challenge according to Gandhi and fellow researchers include; care integration and patient family engagement.

Sheikh, A., Dhingra-Kumar, N., Kelley, E., Kieny, M. P., & Donaldson, L. J. (2017). The third global patient safety challenge: tackling medication-related harm. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 95(8), 546. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors 

This journal article is based on the announcement of medication-related harm by the World health Organization-WHO as the third-most global patient safety challenge. Sheikh and his team of researchers strive to evaluate how medication-related harm can reduced by 50% in the next five years just like the first two global challenges to patient safety were contained.

In this journal article, Sheikh and team of researchers focus on priority areas of medication safety that affect patients the most. They identify transitions of care, high-risk situations, and polypharmacy as the flagship challenges in medication related harm. The authors assert that if these three parameters are effectively managed, it is possible to reduce medication harm by more than 50% in the next five years. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Sheikh and his team of researchers assert that some medication produce adverse reactions than others which means their likelihood of errors is high. The researchers assert that medication with narrow therapeutic index lead to high medical errors because even small dosing errors have catastrophic consequences for patients. Based on this, sheikh and team of researchers assert that it is critical for hospitals to have method of medicine classification as a way of reducing medication errors.

Bokhari, R. M. (2021). Improving Patient Safety and Reducing Medical Errors in Saudi Healthcare Organizations.

In this article, Bokhari examines the critical areas of medical errors that need to be improved. The study was conducted in Saudi Arabia through a review of more than 4000 literature material concerned with patient safety. Out of the 4000 literature material, 45 studies were randomly chosen after they satisfied the inclusion criteria chosen by the researcher.

From the 45 articles used for literature review, Bokhari-the researcher found some common reasons that lead to poor patient safety in healthcare facilities. Some of the reasons enumerated by the researcher for poor patient safety include: the lack of ethical responsibility on the part of healthcare givers to continuously improve patient safety, inadequate proper safety culture, and the lack of effective patient-centered care. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Based on his findings, the researcher made numerous recommendations aimed at improving patient safety in the context of Saudi Arabia where his research was done. One of the recommendations the researcher recommends is to abandon the idea of individual blame when errors occur, instead, he asserts that healthcare facilities should move to a system thinking approach where every member actively participates in the process of reducing medical errors. Bokhari also recommends that healthcare facilities must adopt a strong culture of putting patient safety at the forefront.

The researcher recommends that patient involvement in their treatment and medication plays a critical role in preventing errors. According to Bokhari, it is critical to involve patients in the treatment process with openness and transparency. He concludes that in the event of an error, it is critical to inform the patient/family members as quickly as possible instead of hiding the mistake.

Lastly, Bokhari asserts that technology is pivotal in the transformation of the nursing and healthcare sector through improved quality services and patient outcomes. In light of the advancement in technology, nurses, like other professionals, are expected to equip themselves with informatics competencies critical to the provision of quality care to patients. Nurses need to have nursing informatics – NI skills, that go beyond simple data mining and entry. According to the researcher, functional areas of nursing informatics such as leadership, administration, and management require strong reliance on technology. Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors

Bokhari suggests nursing informatics as one of the recent technologies with the ability to curb medical errors. He asserts that one of the critical outcomes expected from the nursing informatics is the improvement in Interprofessional collaboration. Interprofessional collaboration has emerged as a critical tool in the provision of enhanced quality healthcare for patients. As mentioned earlier, the CPRS system works on an integrated system that allows different healthcare patients to access patient data easily and quickly from the platform.

Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors  References

Alotaibi, Y. K., & Federico, F. (2017). The impact of health information technology on patient safety. Saudi medical journal, 38(12), 1173.

Bokhari, R. M. (2021). Improving Patient Safety and Reducing Medical Errors in Saudi Healthcare Organizations.

Gandhi, T. K., Kaplan, G. S., Leape, L., Berwick, D. M., Edgman-Levitan, S., Edmondson, A., & Wachter, R. (2018). Transforming concepts in patient safety: a progress report. BMJ Quality & Safety, 27(12), 1019-1026.

Sheikh, A., Dhingra-Kumar, N., Kelley, E., Kieny, M. P., & Donaldson, L. J. (2017). The third global patient safety challenge: tackling medication-related harm. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 95(8), 546. https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.17.198002

Annotated Bibliography on Medication Errors Instructions

Your nursing supervisor likes the topic you chose for the in-service presentation and wants you to start researching! To make sure you get the project on the right track, your supervisor has asked you to do the following:

Using the Rasmussen Library, identify at least 2 resources pertaining to your topic.
Prepare an annotated bibliography for the resources you identified. Each entry will include:
the full APA formatted reference
an annotation consisting of the following elements:
2 to 4 sentences to summarize the main idea(s) of the source
1 or 2 sentences to assess and evaluate the source
1 or 2 sentences to reflect on the source