Watch the Diary of Medical Mission Trip Videos Assignment
Watch the Diary of Medical Mission Trip Videos Assignment
Levels Of Intervention In Disaster Management Sample Paper
Earthquake is one of nature’s disasters that is usually associated with the destruction of life, infrastructure, and general disruption of life. The country of Haiti was no exception in 2010 when it was struck by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake. As seen in the video “Diary of a Medical Mission Trip,” interventions were put in place by global and local organizations to promote health, prevent illnesses, restore health, and alleviate suffering among the people of the affected areas.
Notably, different interventions were implemented, which could be classified as primary, secondary, or secondary prevention levels (Kisling & M Das, 2021 Watch the Diary of Medical Mission Trip Videos Assignment). The implementation of these interventions is dependent on the level of disaster being managed.
Kisling and Das (2021) define primary intervention as measures taken before the onset of disease to reduce the likelihood of disease occurrences. Immunization and chemoprophylaxis are two primary prevention interventions that could have been implemented in the aftermath of Haiti’s earthquake disaster. Following the disaster, infections such as tuberculosis, cholera, and malaria emerged, as evidenced by the videos. This was largely due to the destruction of shelters, sewers, and water lines. In anticipation of overcrowding among family members, mandatory mass BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerin) vaccination of children would have significantly reduced cases of tuberculosis infection among children (Sokhna, Gaye & Doumbo, 2017).
As Ratnayake et al. (2021) observe, oral cholera vaccine would have been critical in preventing cholera outbreaks among refugees. According to the videos, the displaced population appear to be vulnerable to mosquito bites due to a lack of proper shelter and mosquito nets. Without a doubt, malaria prophylaxis (doxycycline) would have helped to reduce malaria incidences in the affected population (Sokhna et al., 2017 Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” Videos Assignment).
Secondary prevention is another level of intervention that could be used in this situation. This involves the steps taken to halt the progression of a disease in its early stages (Kisling & Das, 2021 Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” Videos Assignment). In the videos, there is an illustration of a child who appears to be suffering from tuberculosis, which the doctor suspects he contracted from family members.
A secondary prevention intervention that could have been used in these scenarios is early diagnosis of the suspected tuberculosis cases through early screening, radiographic examination, and treatment. In this case, in addition to the chest x-ray, other tests such as sputum culture and staining could have been performed to confirm the diagnosis at an early stage and, as a result, place the child on medication to prevent the disease from progressing to a worse prognosis (Sokhna et al., 2017).
Furthermore, in this scenario of Haiti’s earthquake disaster, tertiary prevention intervention, in which measures to limit impairments and disabilities are undertaken to promote the patients’ adjustment to an irreversible health state, can be implemented (Kisling & Das, 2021 Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” Videos Assignment). According to the video depictions, the disaster is associated with serious injuries, some of which necessitate amputation of limbs, rendering the patients handicapped. As a result, these patients would not be able to carry out their previous occupations, such as fishing for those without hands. In search cases, vocational rehabilitation and psychological rehabilitation play an important role in ensuring that such individuals acquire new skills that they can use to earn a living for long-term sustainability.
To summarize, the above interventions can be categorized into various phases of disaster management. The proposed interventions listed above are part of disaster management’s recovery phase, which includes disaster response, reconstruction, and rehabilitation. Immunization, chemoprophylaxis administration, early disease diagnosis, and treatment are all responses to the disaster and efforts to mitigate the aftermath of the earthquake. Similarly, vocational and psychological rehabilitation are measures designed to help affected individuals cope with the effects of the earthquake. Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” Videos Assignment
Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” Videos Assignment References
Kisling, L. A., & Das, J. M. (2021). Prevention Strategies. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK537222/
Ratnayake, R., Finger, F., Azman, A. S., Lantagne, D., Funk, S., Edmunds, W. J., & Checchi, F. (2021). Highly targeted spatiotemporal interventions against cholera epidemics, 2000-19: a scoping review. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 21(3), e37–e48. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30479-5
Sokhna, C., Gaye, O., & Doumbo, O. (2017). Developing research in infectious and tropical diseases in Africa: The paradigm of Senegal. Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 65(suppl_1), S64–S69. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cix347
Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” Videos Assignment Instructions
Watch the \”Diary of Medical Mission Trip\” videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Reflect on this natural disaster by answering the following questions:
Propose one example of a nursing intervention related to the disaster from each of the following levels: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Provide innovative examples that have not been discussed by previous students.
Under which phase of the disaster do the three proposed interventions fall? Explain why you chose that phase.
With what people or agencies would you work in facilitating the proposed interventions and why?
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