Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans

Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans

Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder is defined as an inability to recuperate after experiencing or witnessing a stressful incident. Triggers can bring up memories of the catastrophe, as well as intense physical and emotional reactions, and the disorder can endure for months or years. Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder include nightmares, avoidance of situations that evoke the trauma, heightened responsiveness to stimuli, anxiety, and despair.

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Prolonged Exposure Therapy in Treating PTSD

The therapist begins by providing a general overview of the treatment and learning about the patient’s prior experiences. Before teaching a breathing method to aid with anxiety, therapists normally begin with psychoeducation. Following the examination and introductory session, exposure usually begins. The psychotherapist seeks to ensure that the therapy connection is perceived as a safe space for encountering extremely frightening stimuli, as most patients find this to be extremely distressing. The patient dictates the pace, which includes both imaginal and in vivo experiences. Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans

Prolonged exposure therapy is a treatment method that has been shown in studies to produce symptom alleviation as well as other long-term advantages. The therapy allows veterans to work with unpleasant memories in a secure, safe, and friendly environment, allowing them to engage in activities that they had previously avoided due to their trauma (Nidich et al., 2018 Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans).

Patients are able to learn about PTSD, including its causative factors, symptoms, and the reasons for their symptoms, throughout this treatment method. Prolonged exposure therapy, for example, can help individuals understand their thoughts and behaviors and give them coping methods for stressful situations. So many veterans have used it to help them overcome their PTSD symptoms.

Imaginal exposure occurs during the therapy, with the client describing the experience in the current time with the support of the therapist. The client and the therapist examine and discuss the feelings evoked by the imaginal encounter during this session. The patient’s account of the event is taped so that he or she can revisit it during subsequent sessions to process emotions and learn relaxation methods (Ready et al., 2020 Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans).

In vivo exposure, which is exposure to terrifying stimuli outside of therapy, is assigned as homework. The psychologist and the patient work together to identify a number of potential triggers and events linked to the distressing anxiety, such as specific places or people. They choose which triggers to handle in vivo and arrange how they will do so in subsequent sessions. The patient is encouraged to push themselves, albeit in small steps, so that he or she can make progress in addressing frightening stimuli and coping with the experience (Ready et al., 2020 Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans).

Application of PTSD and therapies in the Bible

From the book of 1 Samuel comes the story of Saul as a king of the Israelites. Saul led an effective combat effort against the Amalekites, killing many of their troops. As a leader and king, Saul was exposed to warfare and killing on a daily basis, and the rigors of war most likely influenced him (Grimell, 2018). This different mental state was recognized by Saul’s servants, and their answer was to find someone who could play guitar songs to him in order to soothe him down when the evil spirit appeared, which it did repeatedly.

Saul had begun to suffer from panic and stress attacks that recurred and had a significant impact on his life. Saul had developed PTSD as a result of his exposure to hard fighting and killing, and he was experiencing re-experienced undesirable memories and emotional suffering. The music was a technique to avert this state and re-direct his focus once it resurfaced, and it worked (Grimell, 2018). This story shows that music can be a therapy to treat PTSD. Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans

David used dance, music, and lyrics to express different aspects of his life, such as despair and happiness (New International Version, 2011, 2nd Samuel 6). David was capable of forgiving others, rethinking a decision, and even changing his mind. David also built great ties with his combat buddies, such as Saul’s son Jonathan, with whom he developed a rare relationship and trust (New International Version, 2011, 1st Samuel 18 Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans). They could share anything with each other. In this story, we see that distractions such as music can help overcome PTSD. Forming a strong friendship with others where sharing of personal experiences is done without being judged contributes to overcoming PTSD.

From the book of Judges 16, there is the story of the great warrior called Samson. He had fought so many times where he took victory (New International Version, 2011, Judges 16). Unfortunately, he was betrayed by Delilah to the Philistines. He is shaved, his eyes poked and imprisoned. He then cries to God to allow him to die by leaning on the house pillars and pushes them with all his might. From this story, we learn that Samson had given up after his defeat. He suffered psychological issues to the extent of killing himself. This shows that most military warriors, when defeated, may decide to kill themselves as a result of PTSD.

The story of Elijah in 1 Kings Chapter 19 begins after killing all the prophets who had been elected by Jezebel (New International Version, 2011, 1st Kings 19). He ran for his life. Elijah was terrified, and he fled for his life. When he arrived at Beersheba, he left his helper there and walked a day’s trip into the desert. He found a broom bush and sat under it, praying that he would die. “Lord, I’ve had enough,” he murmured. “Take my life, for example; I am no different from my forefathers.” This shows that he felt depressed after fighting those prophets in order to show that the God of the Israelites is the only God to be served. Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans

Conclusion

In conclusion, post-traumatic stress disorder is very common. When a person is exposed to imminent death or is threatened with death, PTSD can develop. This can happen through exposure, observing trauma, or indirect exposure to disagreeable elements of the incident. Veterans are more likely to be exposed to such scenarios as a result of deployment to conflict zones and conflict. PTSD occurs as victims repeatedly re-experience and re-live horrific events via undesired memories, dreams, nightmares, and physical and emotional anguish, which are frequently triggered by exposure to distressing memories that appear normal and routine to those who are not affected. Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans

Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans References

Grimell, J. (2018). Contemporary insights from Biblical combat veterans through the lenses of moral injury and post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling, 72(4), 241-250. https://doi.org/10.1177/1542305018790218

New International Version. (2011). BibleGateway.com. http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-International-Version-NIV-Bible/#booklist.  Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans

Nidich, S., Mills, P. J., Rainforth, M., Heppner, P., Schneider, R. H., Rosenthal, N. E., Salerno, J., Gaylord-King, C., & Rutledge, T. (2018). Non-trauma-focused meditation versus exposure therapy in veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder: a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Psychiatry, 5(12), 975-986. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30384-5

Ready, D. J., Lamp, K., Rauch, S. A., Astin, M. C., & Norrholm, S. D. (2020). Extending prolonged exposure for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: When is enough really enough?. Psychological services, 17(2), 199. https://doi.org/10.1037/ser0000309

Research Proposal: PTSD and Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Veterans Instructions

Write a paper on ptsd and prolonged exposure treatment for veterans and use 4 bible references to support it. Thanks.