NURS 6670 Week 11 Gender Dysphoria, Paraphilic Disorder, or Sexual Dysfunction

NURS 6670 Week 11 Gender Dysphoria, Paraphilic Disorder, or Sexual Dysfunction

NURS 6670 Week 11 Gender Dysphoria, Paraphilic Disorder, or Sexual Dysfunction

Diagnostic criteria for Gender Dysphoria Sample

According to the DSM-5, gender dysphoria is defined as a condition when an individual is having contradiction with gender and the biological sex that they were born with. These individuals request to be treated and referred to as the opposite sex. They also generally become highly upset when referred to as their biological gender. These individuals also typically prefer to have surgery and/or hormonal treatment to help change their biological sex and make it more congruent with their preferred sex (Kaltiala- Heino, 2018 ).

NURS 6670 Week 11 Gender Dysphoria, Paraphilic Disorder, or Sexual Dysfunction

Interview assessments and questionnaires are the tools used to confirm the diagnosis of gender dysphoria. Not all diagnoses of gender dysphoria are exact to the DSM-5 criteria like other psychiatric diagnoses. In order to meet criteria for gender dysphoria in the DSM-5, symptoms must be present for at least 6 months but do not necessarily occur during childhood. However, significant impairment in daily functioning is present in various aspects of life in those who did not struggle with gender issues during childhood (Bonifacio, 2019). .

Psychotherapy and Psychopharmacologic treatment for Gender Dysphoria

Research has shown that cognitive behavioral therapy can be effective for transgender or gender nonconforming (TGNC). As cognitive behavioral therapy can be effective in treating social anxiety, this can coincide with TGNC as these individuals commonly have social anxiety related to the stigma of gender dysphoria. Cognitive behavioral therapy with a specific focus on TGNC can be affirming by concentrating on the existing prejudism related to transgender individuals and developing and improving resilience against it. This involves learning how to cope with such discrimination. The CBT session involves identifying feelings that arise when encountering such experiences of prejudice or discrimination related to their gender identity.

Mental health disorders have been found to be more prevalent in the transgender youth population (Busa, 2018).

Other treatment options besides psychotherapy are cross-sex hormones, puberty suppression, and gender reassignment surgery. This all depends on the individual’s preference and desire to completely and physically change their biological gender. Individuals can have hormone treatment or reassignment surgery individually or combine the two treatment options. Psychotherapy can help the individual to identify their feelings regarding what they truly want to do which can help them make a decision if they would like medical treatment to transition to the opposite gender. Couples or family therapy is a type of therapy that can be helpful in helping others understand the individuals with gender dysphoria and help them to feel more supported. Peers support groups is another useful treatment option (American Psychiatric Association, 2020).

NURS 6670 Week 11 Gender Dysphoria, Paraphilic Disorder, or Sexual Dysfunction References

  • American Psychiatric Association. (2020). What Is Gender Dysphoria? Retrieved October 19, 2020, from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/gender-dysphoria/what-is- gender-dysphoria
  • Bonifacio, J. H., Maser, C., Stadelman, K., & Palmert, M. (2019). Management of gender dysphoria in adolescents in primary care. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l’Association medicale canadienne, 191(3), E69–E75. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.180672
  • Busa, S., Janssen, A., & Lakshman, M. (2018). A Review of Evidence Based Treatments for Transgender Youth Diagnosed with Social Anxiety Disorder. Transgender health3(1), 27–33. https://doi.org/10.1089/trgh.2017.0037
  • Kaltiala-Heino, R., Bergman, H., Työläjärvi, M., & Frisén, L. (2018). Gender dysphoria in adolescence: current perspectives. Adolescent health, medicine and therapeutics, 9, 31– 41. https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S135432

Instructions

To prepare for this Discussion:

TOPIC IS GENDER DYSPHORIA

Select a gender dysphoria, that interests you.
Review the Learning Resources.
By Day 3
Post:

Explain the diagnostic criteria for the gender dysphoria, paraphilic disorder, or sexual dysfunction you selected.

Explain the evidenced-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic treatment for the gender dysphoria, paraphilic disorder, or sexual dysfunction you selected.

Support your rationale with references to the Learning Resources or other academic resource.

Comments / Note