Quality Models Lean Six Sigma 5S NUR630

Quality Models Lean Six Sigma 5S NUR630

Quality Models Lean Six Sigma 5S NUR630

Topic 4 DQ 1

You are a member of an operating room team. The hospital is reporting an increase in complication rates from your team. Choose one of the quality models and explain how you would use it to address the causes or the adverse events.

Quality Models Lean Six Sigma 5S NUR630

Sample Topic 4 DQ 1

Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the more common surgery-related complications with an estimated 2 to 5% incidence rate in the U.S. SSIs are associated with increased lengths of stay and higher rates of morbidity and mortality and are the costliest of all healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). A comprehensive approach to quality improvement is necessary to reduce SSIs.

Six Sigma and DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control) is a robust framework that uses statistical tools for the identification of the root causes of the variations in processes that contribute to SSIs, address and eliminate the variations, and control process improvements and sustainment of the new process for a reduction in SSIs.

With DMAIC healthcare professionals can identify and improve the variables that contribute to the incidence of SSIs and analyze the data to make improvements in the processes and sustain gains. Flow mapping can be used to analyze the existing processes to identify causal factors of SSIs (Shi et al., 2022).   A failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) is another strategy for identifying process failures and recommending improvements (Godley & Jenkins, 2019).

A possible cause of SSIs could be a lack of standardization of perioperative protocols. An Intervention could be to standardize the protocols with evidence-based interventions and processes for certain procedures and utilization of clinical pathways. Another contributor to SSIs could be environmental cleaning and the interventions for improvement can involve education for staff on appropriate cleaning, improved maintenance of airflow systems, and implementation of a protocol for auditing the cleaning processes.

Six Sigma DMAIC is a multimodal process that produces better results than traditional quality improvement methods to achieve performance improvement and reduce SSI rates (Shi et al., 2022).  DMAIC is an effective approach for improving established processes. Controllable causal factors such as variations in protocols allow for improvement strategies to be implemented for direct control over the causal factor (Fondahn et al., 2016).

Godley, M. & Jenkins, J. (2019). Decreasing wait times and increasing patient satisfaction. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 34 (1), 61-65. https://doi.org/10.1097/ncq.0000000000000332

Fondahn, E., Lane, M., Vannucci, A., & De Fer, T.M. (2016). The Washington manual of patient safety and quality improvement. Wolters Kluwer.

Shi, Z.-Y., Huang, P.-H., Chen, Y.-C., Huang, H.-M., Chen, Y.-F., Chen, I.-C., Sheen, Y.-J., Shen, C.-H., Hon, J.-S., & Huang, C.-Y. (2022). Sustaining improvements of surgical site infections by Six Sigma DMAIC approach. Healthcare 2022, 10(2291). https://doi.org/10.3390/ healthcare10112291

Topic 4 DQ 2

You are the nurse leader on an obstetrics unit. You have been tasked to utilize a Six Sigma approach for standardizing the discharge process. Where do you start?

CLC – Quality Models

Group

Assessment Description

This is a Collaborative Learning Community (CLC) assignment.

The purpose of this assignment is to examine quality models used in health care. With your CLC group, create a 12-15 slide PowerPoint on Lean, Six Sigma, and 5S quality models. Include the following in your presentation:

  1. A description of each quality model.
  2. A brief history of each quality model.
  3. A description and examples of how each quality model can be applied to the health care setting.
  4. Include a title slide, references slide, and comprehensive speaker notes.
  5. Use a minimum of four peer-reviewed, scholarly references as evidence.

Refer to the resource, “Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations,” located in the Student Success Center, for additional guidance on completing this assignment in the appropriate style.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.

Quality Models Lean Six Sigma 5S NUR630 Rubric Criteria Scored

Description of Each Model

Criteria Description

Description of Each Model

5. Target

12 points

A description of each quality model is present and thorough.

4. Acceptable

11.04 points

A description of each quality model is present and detailed.

3. Approaching

10.56 points

A description of each quality model is present. Quality Models Lean Six Sigma 5S NUR630

2. Insufficient

9.6 points

A description of each quality model is present, but lacks detail or is incomplete.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

A description of each quality model is not present.

Brief History of Each Model

Criteria Description

Brief History of Each Model

5. Target

13 points

A brief history of each quality model is present and thorough.

4. Acceptable

11.96 points

A brief history of each quality model is present and detailed.

3. Approaching

11.44 points

A brief history of each quality model is present.

2. Insufficient

10.4 points

A brief history of each quality model is present, but lacks detail or is incomplete.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

A brief history of each quality model is not present.

A description and examples of how each quality model Can be Applied to the Health Care Setting

Criteria Description

A description and examples of how each quality model Can be Applied to the Health Care Setting

5. Target

15 points

A description and examples of how each quality model can be applied to the health care setting is present and thorough.

4. Acceptable

13.8 points

A description and examples of how each quality model can be applied to the health care setting is present and detailed.

3. Approaching

13.2 points

A description and examples of how each quality model can be applied to the health care setting is present.

2. Insufficient

12 points

A description and examples of how each quality model can be applied to the health care setting is present, but lacks detail or is incomplete.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

A description and examples of how each quality model can be applied to the health care setting is not present.

Presentation of Content

Criteria Description

Presentation of Content

5. Target

30 points

The content is written clearly and concisely. Ideas universally progress and relate to each other. The project includes motivating questions and advanced organizers. The project gives the audience a clear sense of the main idea.

4. Acceptable

27.6 points

The content is written with a logical progression of ideas and supporting information exhibiting a unity, coherence, and cohesiveness. Includes persuasive information from reliable sources.

3. Approaching

26.4 points

The presentation slides are generally competent, but ideas may show some inconsistency in organization or in their relationships to each other.

2. Insufficient

24 points

The content is vague in conveying a point of view and does not create a strong sense of purpose. Includes some persuasive information.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

The content lacks a clear point of view and logical sequence of information. Includes little persuasive information. Sequencing of ideas is unclear.

Layout

Criteria Description

Layout

5. Target

10 points

The layout is visually pleasing and contributes to the overall message with appropriate use of headings, subheadings, and white space. Text is appropriate in length for the target audience and to the point. The background and colors enhance the readability of the text.

4. Acceptable

9.2 points

The layout background and text complement each other and enable the content to be easily read. The fonts are easy to read and point size varies appropriately for headings and text.

3. Approaching

8.8 points

The layout uses horizontal and vertical white space appropriately. Sometimes the fonts are easy to read, but in a few places the use of fonts, italics, bold, long paragraphs, color, or busy background detracts and does not enhance readability.

2. Insufficient

8 points

The layout shows some structure, but appears cluttered and busy or distracting with large gaps of white space or a distracting background. Overall readability is difficult due to lengthy paragraphs, too many different fonts, dark or busy background, overuse of bold, or lack of appropriate indentations of text.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

The layout is cluttered, confusing, and does not use spacing, headings, and subheadings to enhance the readability. The text is extremely difficult to read with long blocks of text, small point size for fonts, and inappropriate contrasting colors. Poor use of headings, subheadings, indentations, or bold formatting is evident.

Language Use and Audience Awareness

Criteria Description

Includes sentence construction, word choice, etc.

5. Target

10 points

The writer uses a variety of sentence constructions, figures of speech, and word choice in distinctive and creative ways that are appropriate to purpose, discipline, and scope.

4. Acceptable

9.2 points

The writer is clearly aware of audience, uses a variety of appropriate vocabulary for the targeted audience, and uses figures of speech to communicate clearly.

3. Approaching

8.8 points

Language is appropriate to the targeted audience for the most part.

2. Insufficient

8 points

Some distracting inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. The writer exhibits some lack of control in using figures of speech appropriately.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Inappropriate word choice and lack of variety in language use are evident. Writer appears to be unaware of audience. Use of primer prose indicates writer either does not apply figures of speech or uses them inappropriately.

Mechanics of Writing

Criteria Description

Includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use

5. Target

5 points

Writer is clearly in control of standard, written, academic English.

4. Acceptable

4.6 points

Slides are largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present.

3. Approaching

4.4 points

Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader.

2. Insufficient

4 points

Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Quality Models Lean Six Sigma 5S NUR630

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Slide errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning.

Documentation of Sources

Criteria Description

Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style)

5. Target

5 points

Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.

4. Acceptable

4.6 points

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct.

3. Approaching

4.4 points

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present.

2. Insufficient

4 points

Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Sources are not documented.