Internal and External Criticism of Middle-Range Theories Essay
Internal and External Criticism of Middle-Range Theories Essay
Determining whether a middle-range theory is applicable in research is very significant. Middle-range theories assist nurses in attaining their goals of conducting comprehensive nurse research. Theory evaluation refers to categorizing constituent parts of a hypothesis and their judgment against a set of prearranged principles and standards or criteria.
External and internal criticism evaluates middle-range theories. External criticism deliberates the appropriateness or suitability of the principles external to the hypothesis and the hypothesis. Internal criticism deliberates the criteria about the theory’s inner mechanisms or interior dimensions and how its constituents match each other. This essay describes the internal and external criticism used to evaluate middle-range theories.
Internal criticism evaluates a middle range theory’s adequacy, clarity, consistency, logical development, and level of theory development. A theory’s adequacy refers to how comprehensively it discourses the subject matter and if it accounts for the topic under deliberation. Clarity confirms if a hypothesis evidently states the key components to be measured and if a reader can effortlessly understand them (Peterson & Bredow, 2019). Consistency measures if a theory has corresponding use of terms, ideologies, techniques, and explanations. Consistency also analysis if a theory’s description preserves the descriptions of the key ideas and concepts.
A logical development examines if the philosophy follows a line of thought based on former pieces of evidence or if its premises and assumptions cannot be evidenced (Peterson & Bredow, 2019). This stage also scrutinizes whether its conclusions are rational and the opinions are supported. The last step of internal criticism, the level of theory development, examines if the theory is compatible with the conceptualization of middle-range philosophy. Significantly, assessing philosophies pertinent to nursing as representations can upsurge their scholarly and clinical practicality (Risjord, 2019). Internal criticism necessitates the assessor to explain if the theory logically follows and if it is rational and congruent with the fundamental assumptions.
External criticism evaluates the theory’s complexity, reality convergence, significance, scope, utility, and discrimination. Utility examines if the philosophy can formulate assumptions researchable by nurses. Significance measures if the theory’s outcomes impact how nurses conduct nursing interventions or if it simply defines what they do. Its significance also describes if it addresses essential subjects to nursing.
The scope of a theory analyzes the narrowness or broadness of the assortment of phenomena it covers (Peterson & Bredow, 2019). Reality convergence determines if the hypothesis’s fundamental assumptions are factual, if they epitomize and characterize the actual world and if they mirror the physical world as comprehended by the person who reads (Peterson & Bredow, 2019).
Discrimination evaluates if the philosophy will generate suppositions that will result in unique research outcomes, its distinctiveness to the area of nursing it discusses and if it has clear and detailed boundaries and conclusive parameters of the topic. Lastly, a theory’s complexity assesses the number of concepts included as chief components, its description’s complexity, and if it is understandable without extensive clarification and explanation. External criticism necessitates the assessor to explain if the hypothesis’ assumptions are factual and if they mirror the real nursing world.
Determining if a hypothesis is practical for research practice is imperative. Internal and external criticism evaluate middle-range theories. Internal criticism analyzes the interior structure of how the theory’s components correspond with each other. Contrary, external criticism scrutinizes the philosophy and its connection to health, individuals, and nursing. A theory’s systematic and detailed criticism entails both internal and external criticism.
Peterson, S., & Bredow, T. S. (2019). Middle range theories: Application to nursing research and practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. https://dl.uswr.ac.ir/bitstream/Hannan/138864/1/9781608318001.pdf
Risjord, M. (2019). Middle‐range theories as models: New criteria for analysis and evaluation. Nursing Philosophy, 20(1), e12225. https://doi.org/10.1111/nup.12225
The Assignment on Middle Range Theories
400 words minimum.
Making judgement as to whether a theory could be adapted for use in research is very important. Describe the internal and external criticism that is used to evaluate middle range theories.
Internal and External Criticism of Middle-Range Theories Assignment
The development of nursing knowledge is a continuous process. Middle range theories can help nurses conduct effective research and accomplish their goals. Evaluating nursing theories makes it easier for professionals to determine a middle range theory that will adequately guide their research. Internal criticisms like consistency and clarity and external criticisms, including reality convergence and scope, help evaluate middle-range theories to select the most appropriate theory. React to the conclusion described above.
Internal and External Criticism of Middle-Range Theories Sample
The development of nursing knowledge is indeed a continuous process. According to Mlambo et al. (2021), continuous professional development in nursing ensures that nurses maintain and enhance their skills and the knowledge required to deliver quality healthcare services to all patients. The standards of nursing keep caning daily. Following this, the nurses must keep developing their nursing knowledge to be on par with the changes.
Through continuous professional development, the nurse’s knowledge stays up to date, and one is more aware of the trends and directions that the nursing profession is taking (Mlambo et al., 2021). However, sometimes nurses cannot develop their nursing knowledge because they do not have the time to learn more skills and advance their knowledge due to the heavy workload in the workplace. In this case, the Department of Health should ensure the nurse’s workload is manageable to help them engage in professional development skills and practices.
The middle-range theories are crucial in nursing as they guide nurses and help them achieve their professional goals. According to De Carvalho Félix (2020), middle-range nursing theories guide everyday practice and provide the frame of reference that the CNS requires to guide the selection of relevant interventions to help deal with various patient care situations.
This is very important as the nurses have a place to refer to before making important nursing decisions. If the middle-range theories are evaluated continuously, it becomes easy for the nurses to do proper research and make the right decisions (De Carvalho Félix, 2020). Internal criticisms are fundamental since they enhance consistency and growth in the workplace. Through this, the nurses can select the correct theories used during the decision-making process.
De Carvalho Félix, N. D. (2020). Components of the Development of Middle-Range Nursing Theories. Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, 30(3). https://doi.org/10.26717/bjstr.2020.30.004953
Mlambo, M., Silén, C., & McGrath, C. (2021). Lifelong Learning and Nurses’ Continuing Professional Development, a Meta synthesis of the Literature. BMC Nursing, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-021-00579-2