Diabetes Analysis Paper

Diabetes is a chronic endocrine disorder that affects the other body organs. Diabetes is characterized by unstable blood glucose levels in the body. Diabetes leads to a deficit in the production and use of insulin. The three types of Diabetes are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational Diabetes. Common symptoms of Diabetes include thirst, constant hunger, frequent urination, fatigue, and vision changes. The major risk factors for Diabetes include obesity, physical inactivity, family history of Diabetes, and high blood pressure.

Diabetes Analysis Paper

This paper presents an analysis of the condition. Diabetes will be analyzed in terms of its current statistics, health disparities, prevention strategies, related contemporary and clinical studies, its pathophysiologic effects, and evidence-based stress management interventions that might help in the prevention and cure of Diabetes.

Current Data and Statistics

Diabetes is a major global health concern. It is one of the leading causes of non-communicable diseases led-death. According to the World Health Organization, about 422 million people live with Diabetes. About 1.5 million deaths are directly attributed to Diabetes annually (World Health Organization, n.d.). Diabetes is the most expensive condition to treat and manage globally.

According to Williams et al. (2020), the direct healthcare expenditure on Diabetes poses a significant economic impact on the individual, the family, and the overall healthcare system. The direct global healthcare expenditure is currently 760 billion, projected to grow to 825 billion by 2030. Research also shows that the number of people being diagnosed with Diabetes, the number of deaths attributed to it, and the cost of treating and managing its complications are rising exponentially (Islam, 2020).

Diabetes Health Disparities

Diabetes health disparities exist in racial/ethnic minorities and are seen in the care quality and the health outcomes of diabetes patients from minority groups. Health minority populations carry a disproportionate burden of the diabetes conditions in that they have the highest prevalence rates, poorly manage Diabetes, and therefore suffer diabetes complications the most.

In their scientific review, Hill-Briggs et al. (2021) establish low-income adult populations to be a minority diabetes health population since higher risks of Diabetes characterize them, have the highest rates of complications, and high mortality rates. The health disparities in Diabetes occur due to the impacts of the different social determinants of health.

Prevention Strategies/Alternative Health Therapies

Diabetes can be prevented and managed, leading to better healthcare outcomes for different populations. There are several diabetes prevention strategies. Some prevention strategies and interventions focus on a specific health population, while others are applied to all health populations. Diabetes prevention strategies that focus on a specific health population are primarily behavioral, while the ones that target the general population are based on lifestyle modification.

prevention strategies entail encouraging physical exercise, nutrition advice, smoking cessation, encouraging individuals to lose excess weight, and following high-fiber diets. Diabetes can be managed using alternative health therapies such as acupuncture, hydrotherapy, and massage therapy.

Contemporary Research and Clinical Studies

There has been ongoing research on the interventions, best practices, and actual practice of prevention, management, and treatment of Diabetes. Research has helped understand the reasons for differences in the prevalence of Diabetes in different health populations, thus enhancing the development of better prevention, management, and treatment interventions based on the needs of the particular population.

Research has also been conducted on diabetes treatment patterns in relation to health outcomes. The understanding has helped the healthcare practitioners to predict the health outcomes based on the treatment patterns, thus improving the quality of care and leading to better health outcomes.

Clinical studies are carried out to establish new ways or improve the current ways of preventing, detecting, and treating a certain health condition. The clinical studies currently underway include the restoring insulin secretion study and the use of GRADE study.

The restoring insulin secretion study examines whether the extensive lowering of glucose will lead to the recovery of pancreas function in type 2 diabetes patients and pre-diabetes. GRADE is used to determine what medication works best to lower blood glucose for newly diagnosed patients. Researchers apply clinical studies to investigate other aspects of care, such as the quality of life.

Pathophysiologic Effect of Stress Related to Diabetes

 Diabetes is a chronic disease that is most likely to cause stress to the patient, especially immediately after diagnosis. Being expensive and hard to manage, Diabetes makes the patients feel frustrated and distressed. Patients may need to change their lifestyle, begin having daily medications and monitor blood sugar levels, which can lead to stress.

Patients may also stress about managing Diabetes and worry about the possibility of having diabetes complications. Stress affects the normal functioning of the body. Stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol cause insulin resistance. Thus, stress may negatively affect diabetes resistance.

Evidence-based Stress Management Interventions

Various stress management interventions can be used to help in the management and cure of Diabetes. Among the stress management interventions include mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction. According to Ni, Ma & Li (2020), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction are effective in dealing with stress-led depression and quality of life for people with Diabetes. Patients who undergo mindfulness-based cognitive therapy can cope with their conditions, adhere to treatment, and contribute to better health outcomes.

Conclusion

Diabetes is a major global health concern. The analysis above has explored the current statistics, health disparities, prevention strategies, research and clinical studies, and pathophysiologic effects of stress related to Diabetes. Understanding the above concepts will enhance the development of evidence-based interventions.

References

  • Hill-Briggs, F., Adler, N. E., Berkowitz, S. A., Chin, M. H., Gary-Webb, T. L., Navas-Acien, A., Thornton, L. P. & Haire-Joshu, D. (2021). Social determinants of health and Diabetes: a scientific review. Diabetes Care44(1), 258-279. https://doi.org/10.2337/dci20-0053
  • Islam, M. (2020). Diabetes: from research to clinical practice. In Diabetes: from Research to Clinical Practice (pp. 1-5). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/5584_2020_553
  • Ni, Y., Ma, L., & Li, J. (2020). Effects of mindfulness‐based stress reduction and mindfulness‐based cognitive therapy in people with Diabetes: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Journal of Nursing Scholarship52(4), 379-388. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12560
  • The World Health Organization. (n.d.) Diabetes Overview, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment. Accessed on 8th July 2020 from  https://www.who.int/health-topics/diabetes#tab=tab_3
  • Williams, R., Karuranga, S., Malanda, B., Saeedi, P., Basit, A., Besançon, S., Boomer, C., EstegHamati, A., Ogurstova, K., Zhang, p. & Colagiuri, S. (2020). Global and regional estimates and projections of diabetes-related health expenditure: Results from the International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas. Diabetes research and clinical practice162, 108072. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108072