Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) refers to any medical and medical care methodology, technique, or commodity that is not considered traditional medical treatment. Complementary medicine pertains to techniques performed in conjunction with standard medical interventions, such as acupuncture, to address the side effects of cancer therapy.

Alternative medicine refers to therapies that are used in place of traditional medical procedures. According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health in the United States, CAM refers to various clinical and healthcare care approaches, procedures, and products that are not considered part of conventional medicine (Yalcin et al., 2018).

Kemppainen et al. (2018) suggest that females are more inclined than men to utilize CAM. It is also critical to recognize that women seek traditional health care providers more often than men (Kemppainen et al., 2018). This demonstrates that, while females are more prone than men to utilize any health care, this trend may increase when CAM is added.

According to Kemppainen et al. (2018), well-educated and wealthy persons are inclined to use CAM. More evidence supports the former concept than the latter. Several research studies, including in the United States, found a correlation between CAM use and higher education (Kemppainen et al., 2018).there is a relationship between education to CAM use, and this consistency supports the notion that increased schooling correlates with the usage of CAM (Yalcin et al., 2018). The relationship between CAM intake and education may be confounded by revenue: those with greater education tend to make more income, enabling them to utilize CAM more affordably.


Kemppainen, L. M., Kemppainen, T. T., Reippainen, J. A., Salmenniemi, S. T., & Vuolanto, P. H. (2018). Use of complementary and alternative medicine in Europe: Health-related and sociodemographic determinants. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health46(4), 448–455.

Yalcin, S., Hurmuz, P., McQuinn, L., & Naing, A. (2018). Prevalence of complementary medicine use in patients with cancer: A Turkish comprehensive cancer center experience. Journal of Global Oncology4(4), 1–6.

Percentages Of People Using Cam With Prayer And Those Who Do Not

CAM includes pharmaceutical therapies such as vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal items, as well as nonpharmacologic treatments such as prayer, meditation, hypnosis, massage, and acupuncture. Several studies have linked prayer to spiritual care as well as other meditation techniques are also components of mind-body therapy (Nejatian et al., 2018).

According to Yalcin et al. (2018), categorizing prayer as a CAM increases the figures of CAM use. The term prayer may be inadequate to discern between practitioners’ numerous types of spiritual healing and the word’s widespread use as a religious expression. According to Yalcin et al. (2018), 62 percent of 31,044 people in the United States utilized some sort of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). When prayer was removed from the equation, only 36% of people were found to employ CAM therapy.

People, particularly those suffering from chronic sickness, pray for wellness. Yalcin et al. (2018) compared the frequency of CAM and prayer for health among cancer survivors to that of the general population in the United States.

Among the 31,044 individuals, 1,904 had a past cancer diagnosis, with 40% reporting CAM and 62% reporting prayer for health usage throughout the year (Yalcin et al., 2018). Controlling for socioeconomic considerations, cancer survivors were found to utilize much more CAM and more people in the United States pray for wellness than the overall population.

Cultural and religious views, according to Yalcin et al. (2018), may also influence the incidence and patterns of CAM usage and prayer. A Greek study of 184 cancer patients’ parents found that prayer and healing blessings were the most favored supplemental intervention (78 percent) (Yalcin et al., 2018).

Higher education level, family income, advanced cancer, and worse chemotherapy schedule compliance were all related to CAM usage. Prayer was mentioned as a CAM practice by 96 percent of patients in our population, which is greater than previously reported (57 percent) (Yalcin et al., 2018).


Nejatian, M., Alami, A., Tehrani, H., Lael-Monfared, E., & Jafari, A. (2018). Perceptions and personal use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) by Iranian health care providers. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice32, 145–150.

Yalcin, S., Hurmuz, P., McQuinn, L., & Naing, A. (2018). Prevalence of complementary medicine use in patients with cancer: A Turkish comprehensive cancer center experience. Journal of Global Oncology4(4), 1–6.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Instructions

 CN4001 Assessment Instructions
Photo Credit: PhotoAlto/Odilon Dimier / PhotoAlto Agency RF Collections / Getty Images

Review the details of your assessment including the rubric. You will have the ability to submit the assessment once you submit your required pre-assessments and engage with your Faculty Subject Matter Expert (SME) in a substantive way about the competency.

For this Performance Task Assessment, you will create a webinar that discusses the use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), and their uses for veterans with mental health issues, patients at the end of life, and those suffering from emerging and re-emerging diseases.

Submission Length: 8–10-minute video recording

To complete this Assessment, do the following:

Be sure to adhere to the indicated assignment length.
Before submitting your Assessment, carefully review the rubric. This is the same rubric the SME will use to evaluate your submission and it provides detailed criteria describing how to achieve or master the Competency. Many students find that understanding the requirements of the Assessment and the rubric criteria help them direct their focus and use their time most productively.

All submissions must follow the conventions of scholarly writing. Properly formatted APA citations and references must be provided where appropriate. Submissions that do not meet these expectations will be returned without scoring.

This assessment requires submission of one file, a video recording. Save your file as follows: CN4001_firstinitial_lastname (for example, CN4001_J_Smith).

When you are ready to upload your completed Assessment, use the Assessment tab on the top navigation menu.

Important Note: As a student taking this Competency, you agree that you may be required to submit your Assessment for textual similarity review to for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted Assessment materials will be included as source documents in the reference database solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism of such materials. Use of the service is subject to the Usage Policy posted on the site.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Options Across the Lifespan
As a nurse leader, you are undoubtedly familiar with a wide array of medications and treatments for various injuries and illnesses. There are, however, times when traditional treatments may not be effective or appropriate, so having knowledge of complementary and alternative treatments is advantageous. In addition, nurse leaders should share their knowledge with colleagues and fellow nurses, and this is a goal of this Performance Task Assessment.

You have been charged with identifying CAM treatments and options for those at different stages of their lives and educating your colleagues about what you found. For this Assessment, you will prepare a video webinar where you locate and describe appropriate CAM treatments for different groups of people.

Your video webinar should be 8–10 minutes long, and you should use the Video Recorder function within Brightspace. In your recording, address the following:

Introduction: (~1 minute)

Explain what the term complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) means and why nurses should be aware of these options.
Explain one challenge associated with the nurse’s role in providing CAM options.
End of Life: (2–3 minutes)

Explain the difference between hospice and palliative care.
Describe the role of the nurse leader in caring for patients at the end of life.
Locate at least one resource that describes a CAM option that would be helpful for a patient at the end of life and explain why this option is appropriate.
Mental Health: (2–3 minutes)

Explain the impact that the mental health care nurse may have on veterans with mental health issues with regards to patient outcomes.
Locate at least one resource that describes a CAM option that would be helpful for a veteran with mental health issues and explain why this option is appropriate.
Emerging and Re-Emerging Diseases: (2–3 minutes)

Describe one emerging or re-emerging disease that the United States has seen in the past five years.
Describe the role of the nurse leader in preventing, addressing, and treating emerging and re-emerging diseases.
Locate at least one resource that describes a CAM option that would be helpful for a patient that has become infected with the disease you selected and explain why that option is appropriate.
Conclusion (~1 minute)

Briefly wrap up your webinar with a summary and encouragement for your colleagues.
Your appearance, diction, and vocabulary should reflect a professional presentation. You may use any visual aids that you feel add to the presentation, but none are required in addition to the video of yourself.

For assistance in using the Brightspace Video Note Software, view the following document:

Document: Video Note Student Guide (PDF)