Cultural Competency Paper

Cultural Competency Paper

Cultural Consideration in Caring for Muslim Patient and how the Nurse Communicate in Presenting Patient Education

Caring for Muslims in a hospital context necessitates understanding their cultural and spiritual beliefs. Diet, decency, privacy, touch limitation, and alcohol consumption restriction are all significant variations. The Muslim faith comprises various cultures, each with a unique perspective on disease and treatment (Attum et al., 2022). As a result, many non-Muslim healthcare practitioners have difficulties in caring for Muslim patients. The Islamic faith can have an impact on decision-making, family dynamics, health behaviors, hazards, and healthcare utilization.

Cultural Competency Paper

When treating Muslim patients, it is critical to understand the influence of the Islamic faith on healthcare delivery. Attum et al. (2022) explain that when caring for Muslim patients, nurses must adhere to particular requirements that involve avoiding eye and physical contact between a nurse and an opposite-gender patient. If the client is female, male nurses may need to speak via a spouse.

Preferably, the healthcare provider to be of the same gender during a physical exam (Attum et al., 2022). When this is not feasible, having a third person in the room who is of the same sex as the patient is vital for comfort. During Ramadan, the nurse ought to be especially culturally conscious and considerate.

According to Brooks et al. (2019), clinicians may not know how to give patient education to people from different cultural backgrounds. Communication that lacks cultural awareness can negatively affect patient education and the mode of therapy delivered and also reduce patient and family satisfaction (Brooks et al., 2019).

Where language gaps exist involving the nurse, patients, and families, the nurse may use the services of a professional interpreter to assist in patient education, therefore, addressing linguistic and cultural obstacles and communication challenges.

References

  • Attum, B., Hafiz, S., Malik, A., & Shamoon, Z. (2022). Cultural competence in the care of Muslim patients and their families. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK499933/
  • Brooks, L. A., Manias, E., & Bloomer, M. J. (2019). Culturally sensitive communication in healthcare: a concept analysis. Collegian (Royal College of Nursing, Australia)26(3), 383–391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2018.09.007

Culture, Ethnicity, and Acculturation

Culture is defined as a racial, religious, community, or nation’s traditional beliefs, social structures, and material attributes. Culture includes the distinctive characteristics of everyday living like diversions or a way of life shared by people in a certain location. People of the same culture have a set of similar attitudes, values, aspirations, and behaviors that constitute the specific culture.

Culture integrates a pattern of human knowledge, ideology, and conduct that is dependent on the ability to acquire and transfer information to future generations (Mathias et al., 2021). According to Brooks et al. (2019), understanding one’s own culture as a nurse, communicating openly and sensitively, and devising techniques to work with the patient and family all contribute to culturally competent patient care. Before learning about other cultures, the nurse must first become conscious of one’s own cultural beliefs, values, attitudes, and customs.

In the book Understanding “race” and ethnicity, Chattoo and Atkin (2019)  describe ethnicity as the recognition of a community based on the recognized cultural difference that elevates the group to the status of people.  Dialects, music, morals, art, traditions, writing, family obligations, religion, custom, food, naming, public life, and material culture convey this diverse ethnicity.

The idea of ethnicity is characterized by cultural comprehensiveness, which is a distinct collection of cultural qualities viewed as manifesting themselves in frequently unique ways across a demographics’ sociocultural existence (Chattoo & Atkin, 2019). It centers not around a population, a numerical entity, but around people, a fully distinct cultural entity. Ethnicity affects healthcare as it determines how and when a person will want to seek treatment in accordance with their ethnic background (Chattoo & Atkin, 2019). It is also a factor in health disparity.

Acculturation refers to the mechanisms of change in artifacts, practices, and beliefs that occur due to the encounter of two or more cultures, as well as the outcomes of such changes (Rodriguez-Alcalá et al., 2019). Berry (2019) describes 2 types of acculturation, namely incorporation and directed change, which are distinguished based on the circumstances under which cultural interaction and change occur.

Acculturation influences health in such a way that as people interact with other cultures, they can have a positive attitude about other cultures and will not find a problem in receiving care from other cultures (Rodriguez-Alcalá et al., 2019).

References

Berry, J. W. (2019). Acculturation: a personal journey across cultures. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108589666

Brooks, L. A., Manias, E., & Bloomer, M. J. (2019). Culturally sensitive communication in healthcare: a concept analysis. Collegian (Royal College of Nursing, Australia)26(3), 383–391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2018.09.007

Chattoo, S., & Atkin, K. (2019). Understanding “race” and ethnicity: Theory, history, policy, practice (Sangeeta Chattoo, K. Atkin, G. Craig, & R. Flynn, Eds.; 2nd ed.). Policy Press. https://doi.org/10.51952/9781447339694

Mathias, J., Gulbas, L. E., Chin, M., & Perry, T. E. (2021). Interrogating culture: anthropology, social work, and the concept trade. Journal of Social Work (London, England)21(4), 631–650. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468017320920566

Rodriguez-Alcalá, M. E., Qin, H., & Jeanetta, S. (2019). The role of acculturation and social capital in access to health care: a meta-study on Hispanics in the US. Journal of Community Health44(6), 1224–1252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-019-00692-z