Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal

Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal

Healthcare professionals are vital individuals in promoting the health of communities. As identified in assessment one, healthcare professionals continuously assess vulnerable populations and address the disparities to promote their health.

A robust assessment provides cues to action and helps develop evidence on the effectiveness of various interventions. It thus leads to the development of policies and interventions that help resolve population problems. This essay proposes a policy that will address the veterans’ opioid crisis identified and discussed in assessment one.

Proposed Policy and Practice Guidelines

The proposed policy is the Veterans’ Opioid Crisis Management Policy. The policy will entail various provisions to address the veterans’ opioid crisis from its causes. The policy will also address barriers and conflicting evidence revealed in assessment one.

The various provisions include proper training of healthcare professionals on safe opioid analgesic prescription and healthcare technology (clinical decision support system) in identifying and addressing the risk for opioid addiction (Minengish et al., 2021). The second provision is a national database that will collect and trace opioid analgesics users for accountability and accurate reporting.

The third provision will entail developing a robust community program that will avail resources for veterans struggling with opioid addiction resources. The provision’s success depends primarily on the US Department of Veteran Affairs collaboration (Filteau et al., 2018). The three policy provisions will prevent the opioid crisis, promote health, and help rehabilitate veterans already affected by opioid addiction. Healthcare professionals have a role in embracing and implementing the policy for veterans’ health.

Justification of the Need for the Policy

Healthcare policies are developed to change health patterns and promote better health outcomes in healthy populations. Currently, various policies focus on the opioid crisis, such as promoting safe prescription and risk identification and community resources that trace and help veterans caught up in the opioid crisis. The policies have had varying degrees of success, but the rising rates of opioid addiction and opioid overdose-related deaths show a need for more policy provisions (Filteau et al., 2021).

The population continues to suffer due to interventions meant to improve their health. These new provisions aim to address shortfalls and strengthen the current policies to produce better health outcomes and relieve veterans of the burden of opioid addiction and deaths.

As identified in assessment one, the US Veterans Affairs Department has developed and embraced various tools, such as Stratification Tool for Opioid Risk Mitigation (STORM), to assess an individual’s risk for developing opioid addiction. However, Filteau et al. (2021) identify a lack of healthcare providers’ knowledge of safe prescription skills as a major barrier to implementing them.

Educating healthcare providers will increase safe prescriptions and enhance the success of other functional policies. There lacks a national program to manage opioid use problems. Most cases are recognized after they worsen or succumb to the opioid crisis, while many go unreported. Educating healthcare providers is thus the first step in preventing unsafe practices and proper risk identification.

The national database in the policy provision will increase the responsibility of involved stakeholders in reporting and following up on individuals to prevent the development of addiction. According to Chen et al. (2020), nationally controlled programs are better managed due to the pooling of resources, benchmarking, and equity in resources distribution.

The program will also ensure individuals access management resources to promote better health when they develop opioid addiction. Various resources and organizations aim to help Veterans, but a significant barrier to their success is the lack of support from the government. Thus, availing of these resources in a program in partnership with the US Department of Veteran Affairs will ensure enough government support, hence the interventions’ success (Filteau et al., 2020). The policy provisions do not replace the current policies but rather introduce different perspectives and strengthen the existing policies for better patient outcomes.

Interprofessional  Approach Potential to Enhance Effectiveness and Efficiency

Healthcare professionals all carry vital additive roles in promoting the health of populations. Interprofessional collaboration, training, shared decision-making, and shared goals and values, are some of the vital best practices vital to the implementation of this policy.

Shared goals, values, and decision-making all build on professional collaboration critical to the success of the interventions (Riskiyana et al., 2018). Interprofessional training on collaborative practices with a focus on the current policy will help gain their buy-in, which will significantly enhance the success of the policy implementation (Riskiyana et al., 2018).

Involving all professionals in the decision-making process will bring varied perspectives to the equation, ensuring a holistic approach to the veterans’ opioid crisis. The interventions developed will be high-quality and will address all shortfalls, hence a high probability of successful implementation. Thus, an interprofessional approach to the issue may potentially increase the effectiveness of the policy provisions.

Like other sectors, failure to involve professionals or leaders brings resistance even to viable and potentially effective ideas. Kumar et al. (2018) note that resistance from professionals delays programs due to halts, undedicated work, and poor productivity. The results include a waste of money and time, yet resources are scarce. The multidisciplinary representation will play a vital role in increasing professional collaboration in change management (Kumar et al., 2018).

These professionals will ensure they represent their members, increasing their buy-in and easing the burden of change resistance. The interprofessional team will help rule out ineffective policies or policies that negatively affect other aspects of care delivery. These important roles will help save time and other resources, and thus, the interprofessional approach can potentially increase the efficacy of the new policy and practice guidelines.

Conclusion

New policies are developed to strengthen or replace existing ineffective policies and address various shortfalls in delivering quality care. Veterans’ lives are at stake due to the increased risk for chronic severe pain and unsafe practices. Addressing the opioid crisis among the veterans will require policy changes that include robust healthcare providers’ education on safe analgesic prescription practices, programs that record and track individuals on opioid analgesics, risk identification and management, and active tracing and management of addicted veterans.

The new policy provisions and practice guidelines will adequately address the opioid crisis. Through the US department of veteran affairs, the government should support these policies to ensure they succeed. An interprofessional approach will potentially increase the effectiveness and efficacy of the policy and practice guidelines.

References

Chen, T. C., Clark, J., Riddles, M. K., Mohadjer, L. K., & Fakhouri, T. (2020). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2015-2018: Sample Design and Estimation Procedures. Vital and health statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation And Methods Research, (184), 1–35.

Filteau, M. R., Green, B., & Jones, K. (2021). Barriers to Community Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders among Rural Veterans. Journal of Veterans Studies, 7(3). https://doi.org/10.1002/jac5.1171

Kumar, A., Kent, F., Wallace, E. M., McLelland, G., Bentley, D., Koutsoukos, A., & Nestel, D. (2018). Interprofessional education and practice guide No. 9: Sustaining interprofessional simulation using change management principles. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 32(6), 771-778. https://doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2018.1511525

Minegishi, T., Frakt, A. B., Garrido, M. M., Gellad, W. F., Hausmann, L. R., Lewis, E. T., Pizer, S. D., Trafton, J. A., & Oliva, E. M. (2019). Randomized program evaluation of the Veterans Health Administration Stratification Tool for Opioid Risk Mitigation (STORM): A research and clinical operations partnership to examine effectiveness. Substance Abuse, 40(1), 14-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/08897077.2018.1540376

Riskiyana, R., Claramita, M., & Rahayu, G. R. (2018). Objectively measured interprofessional education outcome and factors that enhance program effectiveness: A systematic review. Nurse Education Today, 66, 73-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.04.014

Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal Instructions

Scenario

The analysis of position papers that your interprofessional team presented to the committee has convinced them that it would be worth the time and effort to develop a new policy to address your specific issue in the target population. To that end, your interprofessional team has been asked to submit a policy proposal that outlines a specific approach to improving the outcomes for your target population. This proposal should be supported by evidence and best practices that illustrate why the specific approaches are likely to be successful. Additionally, you have been asked to address the ways in which applying your policy to interprofessional teams could lead to efficiency or effectiveness gains.

This assessment will build upon your previous Analysis of Position Papers for Vulnerable Populations assessment. If, for some reason, you wish to change your specific issue or target population, contact your faculty for approval.

Instructions

For this assessment, you will develop a policy proposal that seeks to improve the outcomes for your chosen health care issue and target population. The bullet points below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. Be sure that your assessment submission addresses all of them. You may also want to read the Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal Scoring Guide and Guiding Questions: Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal [DOC] to better understand how each grading criterion will be assessed.

  • Propose a policy and guidelines that will lead to improved outcomes and quality of care for a specific issue in a target population.
  • Advocate the need for a proposed policy in the context of current outcomes and quality of care for a specific issue in a target population.
  • Analyze the potential for an interprofessional approach to implementing a proposed policy to increase the efficiency or effectiveness of the care setting to achieve high-quality outcomes.
  • Communicate proposal in a professional and persuasive manner, writing content clearly and logically with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
  • Integrate relevant sources to support assertions, correctly formatting citations and references using APA style.

Example assessment: You may use the Assessment 2 Example [PDF] to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like.

Submission Requirements

  • Length of proposal: 2–4 double-spaced, typed pages, not including title page or reference list. Your proposal should be succinct yet substantive. No abstract is required.
  • Number of references: Cite a minimum of 3–5 sources of scholarly or professional evidence that support the relevance of or need for your policy, as well as interprofessional considerations. Resources should be no more than five years old.
  • APA formatting: Use the APA Style Paper Template [DOCX]. An APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] is also provided to help you in writing and formatting your proposal.