Sample Selection and Application 

Globally, more than half the nations are categorized as developing countries. Most of these countries, including DR Congo and Mali in Africa, have a very low per capita income. Some citizens in these countries live below the poverty level. Poverty is often associated with other problems such as poor education and poor health. Poor sanitation, hygiene, and lack of advanced technology are several other consequences of abject poverty.

Sample Selection and Application 

Malnutrition and death due to hunger are the effects of extreme poverty. Countries and responsible organizations should continuously evaluate the poverty burden to ensure they solve the poverty ‘pandemic.’ This paper focuses on poverty as presented in all districts in the sentinel city simulation and proposes evidence-based interventions to address the problem.

Some districts such as Nightingale Square and Acer Tech Center have high household incomes, indicative that poverty is not a problem in these districts. The Casper Park and Industrial Heights Districts have low household incomes, the lowest being Industrial Heights District ($24,572) (Sentinel City, n.d.).

Different features identify the districts as poverty-laden, among them, an abandoned lot, seemingly homeless people, piles of crates, debris, and unattended trash lies at the building corners. Narrowing down to Industrial Heights reveals a more significant problem of poverty.

Smoke and debris float in the air in the area. Several instances show a lack of security in this district, among them a house with smashed windows barricaded probably for further investigations by the police, a burning car which could be a consequence of violence and observed gang violence. The buildings in this area appear run down.

There is also a busy soup kitchen behind the church, mainly serving the elderly, homeless, and disabled adults. The area lacks groceries, retail services, or new food points. No prominent good hotels, restaurants, or recreation services were available. In addition, 37.5% of the population in Industrial Heights are uninsured (Sentinel City, n.d.).

Furthermore, the reports from the city indicate increased homicides, simple and aggravated assaults, and robberies in the industrial Heights District. Only less than 10% of the students have comprehensive student health services, with the rest having poor or no student health services (Sentinel City, n.d.).

Health and nutrition are good indicators of the poverty state of a region. Poverty often translates into poor health and health services and poor nutrition, as seen in Sentinel City. From the above findings from the Sentinel City simulation, it is evident that poverty is rampant and corrective measures are necessary to improve the quality of life for the citizens.

The sustainable development goals (SDGs) address improving the quality of life in at least five areas. These goals include “a) end poverty in all its forms everywhere, b) end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture, c) ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages,” (Roy et al., 2018).

The first intervention is initiating irrigation farming to achieve food security in this area. The second intervention is initiating education and screening for obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. The interventions aim at promoting food security and health through health empowerment and health screening, positively impacting the quality of life for the sentinel residents.

Irrigation is a regional intervention to promote food security in any community that faces food shortage (Kesuma, Maryunianta & Muda, 2018), such as this Sentinel City community. Various healthcare and other professionals should be involved in the planning and implementation of this intervention. Industrial Heights District lacks enough food, as evidenced by the soup servings being the primary food source for some people.

Kesuma, Maryunianta, and Muda (2018) carried out a study to evaluate the effectiveness of an irrigation system to support the implementation of a food security policy. Indonesia is an agrarian country, and agriculture development is a top priority.

In this research study, the role of irrigation in supporting food production was evaluated. The results revealed that over 64% of rice production in the North Sumatera region was from irrigation. The contributions were relatively high in other areas such as Toba Samosir, where over 90% of total rice production was through irrigation.

Industrial Heights is a relatively dry area. Initiating farming could work to increase the availability of fresh food that is lacking in this region. It would also create new jobs for this population and promote independence.

The second intervention for this area aims at managing the high prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and obesity in the Industrial Heights District. On analyzing the pharmacy’s statistics, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and diabetes mediations are the most common (Simvastatin, Lisinopril, Levothyroxine, and amlodipine, among others) purchases.

Gopalan et al. (2021) review the role of education and screening for obesity, hypertension, and diabetes in women in nine underprivileged areas. The screening results showed a high prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and obesity among pregnant and non-pregnant women. The study also had a referral system to aid in managing critically ill patients.

The study also revealed that women and all residents in underprivileged areas have poor access to and utilization of healthcare resources (Gopalan et al., 2019). This is the case with health center evaluation results in Industrial Heights District in the sentinel city simulation (Sentinel City, n.d.). The health center and the pharmacy results warrant screening and education on obesity, hypertension, and diabetes.

A door-to-door campaign, community meetings and media houses education shall be crucial to this population. It shall allow screening for these conditions, initiate follow-up for patients suffering from these conditions, and referral of complicated cases for better management (Gopalan et al., 2019).

As discussed earlier in this paper, health is the most significant determinant of the quality of life. Improving the health of a population reflects in their quality of life. A healthy population is often more productive and has a high likelihood of eradicating poverty.

Thus, we can conclude that good health in a population indirectly helps eradicate poverty. The three conditions prevalent in this region negatively affect productivity. Improving access to healthcare, enhancing the residents’ knowledge of healthy living, and providing vital health services shall positively impact their health status.

The sentinel city simulation provides access to various ‘neighborhoods’ that reflect our actual neighborhoods. The simulation provides all necessary information regarding the city and its districts. The simulation allows a student to identify a population in need and apply their knowledge to solve the problems unearthed.

The Industrial Heights District is an area identified due to the poverty levels that characterize its populace. Compared to other districts such as Nightingale square, the district lurks behind in development, quality healthcare access, access to good food, security, and health education.

The problems require an evidence-based intervention to mitigate or eradicate. The two suggested interventions require interprofessional collaboration and multisector linkages. The activity equips a student with community diagnosis skills and evidence-based practice to improve health outcomes.


  • Gopalan, H. S., Haque, I., Ahmad, S., Gaur, A., & Misra, A. (2021). Education and screening for obesity, hypertension, and diabetes (including gestational diabetes) “at the doorstep” of women from nine underprivileged urban areas in Delhi National Capital Region. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, 102209.
  • Kesuma, S. I., Maryunianta, Y., & Muda, I. (2018). Evaluation of irrigation system to support the implementation of food security policy. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(9), 600-614.
  • Roy, J., Tscharket, P., Waisman, H., Abdul Halim, S., Antwi-Agyei, P., Dasgupta, P., … & Suarez Rodriguez, A. G. (2018). Sustainable development, poverty eradication, and reducing inequalities.
  • Roy, J., Tscharket, P., Waisman, H., Abdul Halim, S., Antwi-Agyei, P., Dasgupta, P., Hayward, B., Kanninen, M., Liverman, D., Okereke, C., Pinho, P. F., Riahi, K. and Suarez Rodriguez, A. G. (2018). Sustainable development, poverty eradication and reducing inequalities. In: Masson-Delmotte, V., Zhai, P., Pörtner, H. O., Roberts, D., Skea, J., Shukla, P. R., Pirani, A., Moufouma-Okia, W., Péan, C., Pidcock, R., Connors, S., Matthews, R. B. R., Chen, Y., Zhou, X., Gomis, M. I., Lonnoy, E., Maycock, T., Tignor, M. and Waterfield, T. (eds.) Global Warming of 1.5°C: An IPCC Special Report. Cambridge University Press.
  • Sentinel City: Sentinel City. (n.d). Retrieved 25th July 2021 from

Sample Selection and Application Instructions

Assignment Description: Qualitative Research  Write a fully developed and detailed APA essay addressing each of the following points/questions. There is no required word count; be sure to completely answer all the questions for each question in detail. Separate each section in your paper with a clear heading that allows your professor to know which bullet you are addressing in that section of your paper. Support your ideas with at least one (1) source using citations in your essay. Make sure to cite using the APA writing style for the essay. The cover page and reference page are required. Review the rubric criteria for this assignment.  Conduct a literature search to select a qualitative research study on the topic identified in Module 1. Conduct an initial critical appraisal of the study.  Respond to the overview questions for the critical appraisal of qualitative studies, including:  What type of qualitative research design was utilized to conduct the study? Are the results valid/trustworthy and credible? How were the participants chosen? How were accuracy and completeness of data assured? How plausible/believable are the results? Are implications of the research stated? May new insights increase sensitivity to others’ needs? May understandings enhance situational competence? What is the effect on the reader? Are the results plausible and believable? Is the reader imaginatively drawn to the experience? What are the results of the study? Does the research approach fit the purpose of the study? How does the researcher identify the study approach? Are the data collection and analysis techniques appropriate? Is the significance/importance of the study explicit? Does the literature support a need for the study? What is the study’s potential contribution? Is the sampling clear and guided by study needs? Does the researcher control selection of the sample? Do sample size and composition reflect the study needs? Is the phenomenon (human experience) clearly identified? Are data collection procedures clear? Are sources and means of verifying data explicit? Are researcher roles and activities explained? Are data analysis procedures described? Does analysis guide directions of sampling when it ends? Are data management processes described? What are the reported results (descriptive or interpretation)? How are specific findings presented? Are the data meanings derived from data described in context? Does the writing effectively promote understanding? Will the results help me care for my patients? Are the results relevant to persons in similar situations? Are the results relevant to patient values and/or circumstances? How may the results be applied to clinical practice? Please be sure to answer the questions thoroughly using complete sentences and APA format. Explain responses to yes/no questions in detail by presenting information found in the study to support your response.  Provide a reference for the article according to APA format and a copy of the article.  M3 Assignment UMBO – 4 M3 Assignment PLG – 2 M3 Assignment CLO – 4, 5  Assignment Instructions and Specifications Submitting Your Work Assignment Rubric Start by reading and following these instructions: Study the required chapter(s) of the textbook and any additional recommended resources. Some answers may require you to do additional research on the Internet or in other reference sources. Choose your sources carefully. Consider the discussion and the any insights you gained from it. Review the Assignment Rubric and the specifications below to ensure that your response aligns with all assignment expectations. Create your Assignment submission and be sure to cite your sources, use APA style as required, check your spelling, and review the rubric. The following specifications are required for this assignment: Length: Clearly and fully answer all questions; attach a copy of the article Structure: Include a title page and reference page in APA format. Your essay must include an introduction and a conclusion. References: Use appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions.  A minimum of one (1) scholarly source for the article is required for this assignment.