Article Analysis Paper

Article Analysis Paper HLT 362

Research improves practice in healthcare by generating results that can be translated into health policies. Research refers to the systematic collection of data that produces new knowledge, validates existing knowledge, and provides solutions to current problems (Cherry & Jacob, 2019).

Article Analysis Paper

Nurses and healthcare practitioners have endeavored to utilize research findings to effectively respond to existing patient needs and positively impact patient care since time immemorial. This endeavor has given rise to EBP (evidence-based practice).

EBP refers to utilizing the best available scientific evidence, incorporating patients’ preferences and values, and integrating the clinical experience into practice to promote effective decision-making and effective and efficient patient care (Li et al., 2019).

EBP enhances patient outcomes and promotes healthcare safety. EBP begins by cultivating a spirit of inquiry, asking a clinical question, and collecting plus evaluating the most relevant evidence. Afterward, one integrates the evidence with clinical experience and patient preferences, evaluates the outcomes, and disseminates the results of EBP utilization to promote change.

According to LoBiondo-Wood and Haber (2018), critiquing an article’s research findings is essential for nurses to determine the results’ applicability and usability. A research critique analyzes a study’s strengths, weaknesses, and quality but not disparagement or criticism of a researcher’s ability.

This paper analyzes “Study 3- Patients’ and partners’ health-related quality of life before and after four months after coronary artery bypass surgery” research article. The paper discusses the various elements of research critique, including the elements of style, problem statement, research design, literature review, data analysis, discussion of findings, conclusions, and how the article contributes to EBP.

Evaluation of the Credibility of the Professional Citation

Elements of Style

The researchers are renowned lecturers in the School of Nursing, Midwifery, and Health at the University of Stirling, Scotland. They have the prerequisite knowledge and expertise to conduct the research study through their academic qualifications. Additionally, the research article provides sufficient details and information to enable a critical appraisal.

The research report uses understandable terms, is concise, laid out, is well organized, and grammatically correct. The abstract provides a clear summary of the research article, including the background of the study, the methodology used, the sample size, the research problem, the results, and the conclusion. The research title is accurate and clear, reflecting the topic being studied.

Statement of The Phenomenon of Interest

The research title is clear and accurate. It also reflects and relates to the research question. The researchers have also stated the phenomenon of interest clearly to the readers. The research topic is best studied using a qualitative approach. However, the researchers have not indicated the philosophical underpinnings and justification for using the qualitative approach.


The aims and objectives of this prospective, observational study were to increase the understanding of partners’ and patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL) before and after CABG and to explore how partners’ and patients’ socio-demographics (preoperatively) predict their HRQoL following four months after CABG.

The article also projects the potential use of the research findings to understand better how partners’ health-related quality of life changes from the preoperative to the postoperative period, enabling the healthcare workers to take early mitigatory approaches to enhance the partners’ quality of life following CABG.

Research studies have demonstrated that support from a partner or spouse reduces patient mortality and improves the patient’s psychosocial recovery. Surprisingly, little is known about the topic of interest. This makes this research study very timely and appropriate.

Literature Review

The background of the study demonstrates that the researchers have conducted an adequate review of the literature. The literature review adequately summarizes what is known regarding the topic of interest. The literature review provided a good basis for informing why this study should be conducted since little is known about how partners’ HRQoL (health-related quality of life) in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery might change from the preoperative to the postoperative period.

This is essential as the partners play a vital role in supporting patients during the perioperative period. It is against the identified background that the study seeks to acquire a deeper insight into partners’ and patients’ health-related quality of life before and after four months following CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) surgery. However, the literature review is not entirely detailed.

Theoretical Framework and Method

The research article does not provide a theoretical framework for this study. However, it outlines the methods used to collect data. Partners and patients were seen in the outpatient clinics prior to and at home following four months after surgery (CABG).

The researchers also provide a clear description of the criteria used for the inclusion and exclusion of study participants. This is vital as it enables the replication of the study in a different setting, ensuring the reliability and validity of the findings. The researchers used the Quality of life of cardiac spouses’ questionnaire, the Seattle angina questionnaire, and the short-form 12 health survey tools.

The researchers also assessed the socio-demographics. They also utilized different numerical rating scales to assess the perceived symptom severity. Before data collection, the researchers piloted the tools on ten patients to assess the validity of the tools and test the practicability of the study.


The researchers do not outline the sampling method used to derive the sample. However, they have included the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The sample used (84 dyads) was a sufficient number for data saturation and subsequent analysis. The individuals selected were suitable for the study.

Ethical Considerations

The researchers sought ethical approval from the University of Stirling and the local National Health Services Research and Ethics Committee.

Data Collection and Analysis

Data was collected using the earlier mentioned methods appropriate for this study. Data analysis methods for the three research questions were appropriate for each, offering a comprehensive grip on the information gathered. On the rigor of the study, there were appropriate and sufficient methods used in the research. These enhance the credibility and trustworthiness of the data.


The results have been presented in an understandable, systematic, and appropriate way. The interpretation of the results is also appropriate. Furthermore, the discussion is comprehensive, addressing the study’s purpose adequately. The researchers also outline the study’s limitations and implications for the results. The conclusion also provides practical recommendations to enhance the health-related quality of life following CABG.

Contribution to Evidence-Based Practice

Findings from the research contribute to EBP. Partners should be involved in patients’ preoperative assessment. Additionally, keen attention should be accorded to the patient’s mental health preoperatively as it affects their social, physical, and emotional functioning and health postoperatively following CABG.


Cherry, B., & Jacob, S. R. (2019). Contemporary Nursing: Issues, Trends, & Management (8th ed.). Mosby.

LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (2018). Nursing research: Methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice. (9th ed) St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.

Thomson, P., Niven, C. A., Peck, D. F., & Eaves, J. (2013). Patients’ and partners’ health-related quality of life before and 4 months after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. BMC Nursing, 12(1).

Article Analysis Paper HLT 362 Assessment Description

Article Analysis: quantitative research in healthcare

The interpretation of research in health care is essential to decision making. By understanding research, health care providers can identify risk factors, trends, outcomes for treatment, health care costs and best practices. To be effective in evaluating and interpreting research, the reader must first understand how to interpret the findings. You will practice article analysis in Topics 2, 3, and 5.

For this assignment:

Search the GCU Library and find three different health care articles that use quantitative research. Do not use articles that appear in the topic Resources or textbook. Complete an article analysis for each using the \”Article Analysis 1\” template.

Refer to the \”Patient Preference and Satisfaction in Hospital-at-Home and Usual Hospital Care for COPD Exacerbations: Results of a Randomised Controlled Trial,\” in conjunction with the \”Article Analysis Example 1,\” for an example of an article analysis.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Article Analysis 1 Template

Article Citation and Permalink (APA format) Article 1 Article 2 Article 3
Point Description Description Description
Broad Topic Area/Title      
Identify Independent and Dependent Variables and Type of Data for the Variables      
Population of Interest for the Study      
Sampling Method      
Descriptive Statistics (Mean, Median, Mode; Standard Deviation)

Identify examples of descriptive statistics in the article.

Inferential Statistics

Identify examples of inferential statistics in the article.


Article Analysis: Example 1

Article Citation Utens, C. M. A., Goossens, L. M. A., van Schayck, O. C. P., Rutten-van Mölken, M. P. M. H., van Litsenburg, W., Janssen, A., … Smeenk, F. W. J. M. (2013). Patient preference and satisfaction in hospital-at-home and usual hospital care for COPD exacerbations: Results of a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 50, 1537–1549.


(Include permalink for articles from GCU Library.)


Category Description
Broad Topic Area/Title The differences in preference and satisfaction based upon hospital care location for COPD exacerbations
Variables and Type of Data for the Variables


Treatment Location-categorical -“home treatment” and “hospital treatment”

Satisfaction – Ordinal Scale (1-5)

Preference – categorical “home treatment” and “hospital treatment”


Population of Interest for the Study COPD exacerbation patients from five hospitals and three home care organizations



139 patients

69 from the usual hospital care group

70 from the early assisted discharge care group

Sampling Method A randomized sampling method was used to select the patients who met the criteria for the study (p. 1540)
Descriptive Statistics (mean, median, mode; standard deviation)

Identify examples of descriptive statistics in the article.

Example descriptive statistics:

Usual hospital Age:

Mean: 67.8 Standard deviation: 11.30



Early assisted discharge Age:

Mean: 68.31 Standard deviation: 10.34  (p. 1540)



Inferential Statistics

Identify examples of inferential statistics in the article.

Example of inferential statistics:

Overall satisfaction score: Tested difference between HC and EAD   p-value .863 (p. 1543)