Professional Development Paper
Rewrite the following essays. Correct all errors in capitalization, spelling, and punctuation. Divide the passage into appropriate paragraphs.
When my husband Joe had cancer surgery five years ago, each of his family members responded just as I knew they would. John, his father, decided to organize the family’s calls. Because, of course, everything would run so much more smoothly. Thus Jane, Matt, and Jim received detailed sheets of instructions in the mail. Telling them which days to telephone r.j. smith hospital to talk to Joe and what presents to send. Jane, enraged, promptly threw a tantrum.
Calling Matt and me to complain about her father’s overbearing behavior. “I,” she yelled, “am a Psychiatrist who knows how to handle these situations, i am not still a child.” Matt also responded predictably. By avoiding the situation. He threw himself into his work. Normally a late sleeper, Matt took to leaving at 5:00 a.m., driving on the deserted expressway and arriving at work before six a.m.
In addition, he didn’t return until 11:00 p.m. When he would fall into bed so exhausted that he couldn’t worry about Joe. Jim, too, responded predictably. He fumed inside for weeks, ignored John’s instructions, and sent cartons of books to Joe. So that he would never be bored. The books were funny. Because Jim had read Norman Cousins’ book about the healing power of laughter. Within a few months, Joe recovered from the surgery-in spite of his family
Essay One Response
Five years ago, my husband Joe had cancer surgery. All his family members responded just as I had expected them to respond. His father John decided to organize the family calls since everything would run smoothly. Jane, Matt, and Jim received detailed sheets of instructions on mail, informing them about the presents to send and when to call R.J. hospital to talk to Joe.
However, Jane was enraged and promptly threw a tantrum. She called Matt and me, complaining about her father’s overbearing behavior. “I,” she yelled, “am a psychiatrist who knows how to handle these situations; I am not still a child.”
Matt also responded predictably by avoiding the situation. He threw himself into his work. Being a late sleeper, Matt would leave at 5:00 a.m., drive on a deserted expressway, to arrive at work before 6:00 a.m. In addition, he did not return until 11:00 p.m., when he would fall into bed so exhausted that he could not worry about Joe.
Jim also responded predictably. He fumed inside for weeks, ignored John’s instructions and sent cartons of books to Joe so that he would not get bored. The books were funny since he had read Norman Cousins’ book about the healing power of laughter. Within a few months, Joe recovered from surgery in spite of his family.
Treatment of atrial septal defect depends upon the size and symptoms and therefore is individualized an atrial septal defect of less than 3mm usually closes spontaneously (The Merck Manual, 2006). When the defect is between 3mm and 8mm it closes spontaneously in eighty percent of cases by the age of eighteen months, however, atrial septal defects located in the anteroinferior aspect of the septum (ostium primum) or in the posterior aspect of the septum near the superior vena cava or inferior vena cava (sinus venosus) don’t close spontaneously.
If the defect is very small does not close spontaneously and the patient is asymptomatic. The treatment may be simply too monitor via an annual echocardiogram. Of course their is a risk of patients’ becoming symptomatic.
Moderate-sized atrial septal defects or larger or patients’ who are symptomatic require closure of the shunt this is usually done between the ages of 2 and 6 years. A catheter-delivered closure device, such as Amplatzer Septal Occluder or Cardio-Seal device. May be used for closure of atrial septal defects less than 13mm in size, except than primum or sinus venosus defects.
If the defect is greater than thirteen milimeters or located near important structures. Surgical repair becomes necessary. If the atrial septal defect is repaired during childhood there mortality rates approach 0 and the patient’s life expectancy approaches that of the general population prior to surgical repair, patients may need to be treated with diuretics; digoxin; ACE inhibitor; or beta blockers to prevent congestive heart failure (Moser & Riegel, 2007).
Following surgical repair patience will receive aspirin to prevent clots, and be monitored closely for dysrhythmias and pulmonary hypertension. Oxygen and nitric oxide therapy have proven to be beneficial in treating postoperative pulmonary hypertension. Also patients who have primum atrial septal defect will need endocarditis prophylaxis.
Essay Twos Response
Treatment of the atrial septal defect depends on the size and symptoms, and therefore is individualized. An atrial septal defect of less than 3mm and 8mm usually closes spontaneously (The Merck Manual, 2006). The atrial septal defect closes spontaneously in eighty percent of the cases by the age of eighteen months.
However, atrial septal defects located in the anteroinferior aspect of the septum (ostium Primum), or the posterior aspect of the septum near the vena cava (Sinus venosus), do not close spontaneously. When the defect is very small and does not close spontaneously, the patient is asymptomatic. The treatment is simply monitored using an annual echocardiogram. However, there is a risk of the patients becoming asymptomatic.
Moderate-sized and larger atrial septal defects in symptomatic patients require the closure of the shut, usually done between the ages of 2-6 years. A catheter-delivered closure device, such as Amplatzer Septal Occluder or Cardio-Seal device, may be used for closure of atrial septal defects less than 13mm in size, except for primum or sinus venosus defects.
Surgical repair is necessary if the defect is larger than 13mm or located near important structures. When the atrial septal defect is repaired during childhood, the mortality rate is zero, and the patient’s life expectancy reaches that of the general population.
Prior to the surgical repair, patients need to be treated with diuretics; Digoxin, ACE inhibitor, or beta blockers to prevent congestive health failure (Moser and Riegel, 2007). Following surgical repair, the patient receives aspirin and is monitored closely for dysrhythmias and pulmonary hypertension. Oxygen and nitric oxide therapy has proven beneficial in treating post-operative pulmonary hypertension. Also, patients with primum atrial septal defect need endocarditis prophylaxis.
Guided writing exercise:
Think about a recent experience you have had that required you to use critical thinking skills. Set a timer for five minutes. Write about your experience. Do not worry about grammar, punctuation, or spelling. Just write, but stop at five minutes. Now go back and write your experience with correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Submit both written pieces. Add a concluding paragraph that answers the follows questions: How was the formal writing experience different from the timed writing experience? What did you do differently? Was there any difference in the time it took you? How did you ensure your spelling, grammar, and punctuation were correct?
Recently as I was coming from school, a young boy approached me on the streets. He seemingly looked confused and in need of help. He asked me to assist him with some money. He claimed he would use the the money to buy medications for his ailing mother. At first could have been convinced that the boy is enuinely in need of help and I was alomst giving him the money.
However, something seemed ambiguous about the boy. Besides, I didn’t understand why he chose to ask the money from me, yet there were other passersby. The experience required me to use my critical thinking skills and decide on a course of asction …
Recently, as I was coming from school, a young boy approached me on the streets. He seemed to be confused and in need of help. He asked me to assist him with some money. He said he was going to use the money to buy medications for her ailing mother. At first, I could have been convinced that the boy genuinely needed help and was almost giving him the money.
However, there was something ambiguous about him. Besides, I did not understand why he chose to approach me, yet there were other passersby. The experience required me to use my critical thinking skills and decide on a course of action.
The formal writing experience had a better flow of ideas compared to the timed experience. I was more cautious when writing the formal paragraph, thus avoided some errors that I made in the timed writing experience. The time I took for the formal writing experience was more than five minutes. I ensured I was more cautious in the second experience to avoid spelling, grammar and punctuation mistakes.
Describe when the following words would be used in a scholarly essay (define each word). Then, use those that are appropriate to a scholarly essay in a sentence.
Their, there, they’re
Their is a possessive pronoun used in titles to show belonging of things or people previously mentioned or identified. For example: The students will start their practicum next week.
There is an adverb that is used to refer to a place or position. For example: The students will report on Monday, and be there for four weeks.
They’re is a short form of they are. They’re is not used in scholarly essays.
Affect is a verb that means making a difference to something. For example: How did the practicum experience affect students’ work?
Effect means the change or consequence resulting from a particular cause or action. For example: The effect of opioid abuse is lethal.
Its is used to show belonging or association of something with another thing that is easily identifiable, or previously mentioned. For example: The school releases its students to go for practicum every semester.
It’s is a contraction that is shortened from “it is”. It’s is not used in scholarly writing
Your is a possessive pronoun used to refer to something belonging to the second person. For example: Is this your sister?
You’re is a contraction made from the phrase “you are”. It is not appropriate for scholarly writing
Then is an adverb that indicates time, or shows what is done next. For example: I was living in New York then.
Than is a conjunction that is used in comparison. For example: General writing is easier than formal writing.
Accept means the consent to receive something that is being offered. For example: I accept and appreciate the gift.
Except means excluding something from a category. For example: we have classes every weekday, except Thursday.
Describe the use of apostrophes in writing in general. When should apostrophes be used in formal writing? When should apostrophes be avoided in formal writing?
Apostrophes can be used both in general and formal writing. Apostrophes are generally used to indicate the omission of letters in contractions, to form possessive nouns, and to indicate plurals of letters (Arimbi, Zahrida & Kurniawan, 2021).
They are mainly used in general writing when writing contractions. Contractions are words that have been shortened from phrases. For example, “it’s” from “it is.” According to Munfadlila (2022), apostrophes should only be used in formal writing when showing plurals of letters. Apostrophes should be avoided in formal writing when used in contractions. Contractions are not formal. They should be avoided in all scholarly writing.
Arimbi, R. A., Zahrida, Z., & Kurniawan, I. (2021). The Use of Apostrophes in Theses of English Students at the University of Bengkulu. Journal of English Education and Teaching, 5(3), 405-412. https://doi.org/10.33369/jeet.5.3.405-412
Munfadlila, A. W. (2022). Analysis of The Use of Punctuation Marks on The Writing Ability of Nursing Students. Journal of English Development, 2(02), 57–74. Retrieved from https://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jed/article/view/2481