VARK Questionnaire Analysis Essay

VARK Analysis Paper


In 1992, Fleming and Mills came up with a theory of teaching named VARK – Visual, Aural, Read/Write, and Kinesthetic theory that adequately captured the needs and the experiences of students and teachers. In nursing, VARK is a critical learning tool that helps students effectively translate theory learning into practice (Mozaffari et al., 2020). This style of learning caters to the needs of different learners by making what has been learned in the classroom a reality.

VARK Questionnaire Analysis Essay

As the name suggests, VARK uses visual learning, the depiction of information using pictures, diagrams, and any pictorial representations. Similarly, VARK uses aural learning, which is the learning through hearing and speaking. Concerning reading and writing, which happen the most important models of learning, the model encourages extensive student immersion. Lastly, VARK also uses kinesthetic learning, the use of practice and experiences, whether real or simulated to achieve the desired learning goals.

The VARK Questionnaire

Learners have their preferred learning styles which is often determined by numerous factors such as one’s physical and mental status, the level of preparedness for learning, and personal likes and dislikes. According to Chiang (2017), the identification of the appropriate learning styles impacts how teachers impart knowledge to students and the overall student outcome. The VARK questionnaire is a learning tool that aids learning by suggesting to learners the best strategies they should use. For example, individuals with a strong affinity for visual presence will often go for learning modes that contain a lot of spacing, charts, diagrams, plans, maps, and graphs. Other learners simply prefer listening to their teachers, while others prefer the reading and writing modality of teaching.

My Preferred Learning Style.

Having answered all the VARK questionnaire questions in the link provided, I chose to learn styles that resonated well with me. The chosen styles are reading and writing, and visual styles of learning. The fact that I prefer two models of learning makes me multimodal rather than unimodal. Concerning visual learning mode, this mode of learning resonates with me because being a medical student, much of what I learn in theory must be translated into practice. Turning theory into images such as pictures, graphs, and charts is critical for me as a learner.

Concerning reading and writing, I prefer this approach of learning because it empowers me to deeply comprehend what I am taught by being able to write down notes and read them later. Through reading, I can analyze, evaluate, and dissect the teacher’s notes. Similarly, reading gives me the ability to conduct further research on a subject by doing further reading or analysis of the literature. For me, this modal of learning makes it easier to remember and memorize lessons easily. When I write down notes, I can easily recall what I have written much easier than what I have heard.

A Review of other Learning Styles

Visual Learning

This is a type of learning characterized by the use of images, colors, drawings, maps, charts, graphs, and any other form of pictorial representation. A visual learner has numerous characteristics that endear him/her to visual learning. Some of the characteristics that define visual learners include being observant, has a liking for colors, enjoys going through maps, charts, pictures, and graphs. These types of learners need to physically see/examine a teacher’s body language and facial expressions to understand better what is being taught.

Kinesthetic Learning

This is a type of learning where students learn through physical activities rather than watching demonstrations or listening to teachers lecturing. In Kinesthetic learning, a teacher can use a variety of physical activities to enhance learning. Some of the most important strategies of kinesthetic learning include role plays, body mapping, drawing, webbing, mind mapping, and story mapping (Hernandez et al., 2020). Other common techniques under kinesthetic learning are using certain computer technologies that allow a learner’s body to move while learning. Physical activities such as drama, sports, and dance can be used to bring out the best learning results for learners who prefer this type of learning model.

Aural Learning Style

This is a learning style characterized by learners acquiring information/knowledge through hearing what they are taught and giving back answers by speaking. Thus, hearing and listening form the core pillars of aural learning. For example, a teacher passes information to learners through lectures and an auditory learner learns what he/she’s taught through hearing and listening (Amaniyan et al., 2020). Such learners depend on remembering what they heard from their teachers but also have the opportunity to speak, answering questions or asking questions. Excellent examples of auditory learning include humming, reading out loudly, or talking to oneself.

How Individual Learning Styles Affect the Degree to which A Learner Can Understand or Perform Educational Activities

Learning styles have a direct impact on learning outcomes. However, each student has their preferred model of learning that resonates well with their personalities, ability, the level of intelligence, perception, and attitudes towards learning. Each learner experiences the learning process differently even if the learning environment is the same. This factor means that even in the same learning environment, students do not experience the same quality or level of learning. In a learning environment where a teacher prefers the reading and writing teaching model, students with high affinity to this learning style have an advantage over those who prefer other models (Leasa & Corebima, 2020). The same is true for other learning styles. It is incumbent on a teacher to develop a combination of teaching styles that appeal to all learners.

Importance of understanding the learning styles of individuals.

While it is difficult to meet the need of every learner, teachers must identify the learning styles preferred by each student. This act helps the teacher to create a teaching plan that caters to the need of all learners. This way, all students experience the same quality and level of teaching. Another critical reason for teachers to understand the learning styles of individuals is because preferred learning styles have a significant influence on student’s behavior. Noteworthy is that learning is not just about academic performance but also a means of molding learner’s behavior to turn them into responsible human beings. Behavior is a critical factor in learning and must be incorporated for better outcomes.


VARK is a critical learning tool that helps teachers to identify learner’s preferred learning styles. While some students do well with aural learning style, other students may prefer visual, reading/writing, or kinesthetic learning style. It is the duty of teachers to identify their learners preferred ‘learnings styles and create an effective teaching plan that addresses the need of every student. Even in the same learning environment, students do not experience the same quality or level of learning which means that some may lag. For this reason, it is incumbent on teachers to ensure that all learners get the best through inclusivity.

References on VARK Questionnaire Analysis Essay

  • Amaniyan, S., Pouyesh, V., Bashiri, Y., Snelgrove, S., & Vaismoradi, M. (2020). Comparison of the Conceptual Map and Traditional Lecture Methods on Students’ Learning Based on the VARK Learning Style Model: A Randomized Controlled Trial. SAGE Open Nursing, 6, 2377960820940550.
  • Chiang, Y. C., Chen, C. H., Liao, Y. C., & Liao, C. W. (2016). A Study on Investigating Learning Styles and Skills Learning Motivations for Mechanical Department Students in Vocational High Schools. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 6(11), 851.  DOI:10.7763/ijiet.2016.v6.804
  • Hernandez, J. E., Vasan, N., Huff, S., & Melovitz-Vasan, C. (2020). Learning Styles/Preferences Among Medical Students: Kinesthetic Learner’s Multimodal Approach to Learning Anatomy. Medical Science Educator, 30(4), 1633-1638.DOI5577960820940660
  • Leasa, M., & Corebima, A. D. (2017). Emotional Intelligence among Auditory, Reading, and Kinesthetic Learning Styles of Elementary School Students in Ambon-Indonesia. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 10(1), 83-91. DOI: 10.26822/iejee.2017131889
  • Mozaffari, H. R., Janatolmakan, M., Sharifi, R., Ghandinejad, F., Andayeshgar, B., & Khatony, A. (2020). The relationship between the VARK learning styles and academic achievement in Dental Students. Advances In Medical Education And Practice, 11, 15. doi: 10.2147/AMEP.S235002\