Walden University NURS 6050 Module 6 Week 11 Sample

Global Healthcare Comparison

Walden University NURS 6050 Module 6 Week 11 Sample

Global Healthcare Issue Vaccine Hesitancy
Description Vaccine hesitancy refers to the reluctance of a specified population to vaccinate against a vaccine-preventable disease despite the availability of vaccines. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), vaccination prevents approximately 3 million deaths annually around the world (1).The organization forecasts an additional 1.5 million deaths can be avoided in the event vaccination is improved around the world.

In 2019, cases of measles outbreaks in countries that had eliminated the disease have been attributed to vaccine hesitancy. Vaccination hesitancy is caused by various aspects which include lack of adequate community sensitization, lack of confidence in the vaccines, and social and cultural beliefs.

Country United States United Kingdom
Describe the policy in each country related to the identified healthcare issue In the US, all states mandate for the vaccination of children before enrolling in public schools (Averhoff et al. 980). However, all states have exemptions for individuals with medical contraindications to vaccines.Others offer exemptions for religious, philosophical, and conscientious reasons. In the UK, there are no laws that mandate children to be vaccinated (Freed, 756). Parents retain consent of vaccination for their children under the age of 16. Individuals above the age of 16 have personal liability.
What are the strengths of this policy? America’s policy on vaccination is significant as it ensures most children within the country are immunized. This is critical in creating the so called herd immunity’. The policy also ensures Americans traveling to other countries as well as visitors to the country are vaccinated to avoid the importation of diseases. This he policy respects the different views individuals hold towards vaccination and provides the freedom to make decisions on the issue.
What are the weaknesses of this policy? The policy creates loopholes for the emergence of philosophies and beliefs that do not support vaccination. These philosophies can be used to excuse people from the mandate to access vaccination. This policy promotes the lack of adequate community sensitization and knowledge towards the significance of vaccination. It also puts citizens at risk of contracting vaccine-preventable diseases.
Explain how the social determinants of health may impact the specified global health issue. (Be specific and provide examples) The US is a developed country with a perceived robust public health system. As a result, Americans believe that vaccine-preventable diseases such as smallpox can occur in a country with strong health care systems. As a result, they fail to see the need to access vaccination against these diseases. The UK has a strong and affordable healthcare system. This has promoted vaccination hesitancy as the citizenry believe that its healthcare system and state of development has eradicated vaccine- preventable diseases from the country.
How has each country’ government addressed cost, quality, and access to the selected global health issue? America has improved the quality of, and access to vaccines due to its role in the development of vaccines. However, like many other healthcare services, the country has not addressed the issue of cost.Pharmaceutical companies have autonomy to dictate costs of vaccines they produce. The UK has addressed the issue of cost, quality of, and availability of vaccines through its National Health Service (NHS). The NHS provides vaccines at cost effective rates to residents.
How has the identified health policy impacted the health of the globalpopulation? (Be The policy has a strong global outreach as it mandates both emigrants and immigrants to access vaccination. This improves the global tally of vaccinated The policy has a negative impact on the health of the global population. The lack of mandatory vaccination puts the lives of numerous people at risk of contracting vaccine-preventable diseases such as
specific and provide examples) individuals. measles.
Describe the potential impact of the identified health policy on the role of nurse in each country. This policy mandates nurses to participate in community sensitization programs to improve the number of individuals with access to vaccines. It also calls on nurses to understand the various social and cultural beliefs that exempt individuals from accessing vaccines. This policy shifts the nurses’ role away from vaccination as it is not considered a priority within the country.
Explain how global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in both countries. (Be specific and provide examples) The emergence of diseases on a global level forces the US to change its healthcare system in order to avert the consequences of a disease. A case in point is the outbreak of COVID-19 that has forced American healthcare organizations to institute policies such as social distancing to limit the spread of the disease. In a similar manner, the UK puts into place significant policies in order to protect its citizens against health issues on a global scale.
General Notes/Comment s This policy is in need of a review in order to implement stronger measures to protect Americans in an ever globalized world. This policy should be reviewed in the wake of the current global pandemic. Global pandemics are bound to increase in future and there is greater need to protect the public from preventable diseases.

Walden University NURS 6050 Module 6 Week 11 Sample Works Cited

  • Averhoff, Francisco, et al. “A middle school immunization law rapidly and substantially increases immunization coverage among adolescents.” American Journal of Public Health 94.6 (2004): 978-984.
  • Freed, Gary L. “Vaccine policies across the pond: looking at the UK and US systems.” Health Affairs 24.3 (2005): 755-757. https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.94.6.978
  • World Health Organization (WHO). “Ten threats to global health in 2019.” 2019. Web. Accessed on May 4, 2020.